1. holding or constituting a purely formal position or title without any real authority over other people.
- synonyms: nominal, in title only, in name only, ceremonial, honorary, so-called; : token, the leader of a pure Republic (of a cleric) nominally appointed to serve a diocese, abbey, or other foundation no longer in existence, and typically in fact having authority in another capacity.
2. denoting a person or thing from whom or which the name of an artistic work or similar is taken. "the work's titular song"
- synonyms: eponymous, identifying
In the story “A Tale of Two Alamos,” Hutton refers to “Travis’ line in the dust” as “that sublime moment of democratic choice.” As the story goes, William Barret Travis gave his men a choice of leaving or staying to fight a ”hopeless“ battle. All the men stayed but one Louis Rose, who climbed the wall and escaped to tell the story and open a meat market in Nacogdochea. When asked why he didn’t stay, his reply was “By God, I wasn’t ready to die.”
Of course, almost all did die including Tennessee militia Colonel David Crockett. If Louis Rose had been given a democratic choice, he would have been compelled to stay by the will of the majority. It would have been both a sublime act of democracy and his last. Fortunately, it was a sublime moment of individual choice in the Republic of Texas that allowed Rose to live.
A democracy is a kind of common purse of rights. A democracy may exist within a Republic. It may impose duties and privileges that may be legally incumbent upon its members. In a democracy, the president may not be titular and the State may not be separate from its government. Members will be more likely to elect leaders as rulers and lawmakers in an indirect democracy rather than mere representatives in a republic.
The transition from being a natural citizen or even a mere inhabitant in a republic into a subject citizen in a democracy within a republic may take place over a period of time but often for the same reasons as outlined by Polybius more than a century before the death of the republic with the rise of the first Caesar.
In a republic, the State (status, estate… resting in the rights of the freeman) is independent of its government. A freeman was free from civil authority and religiously allowed to accept or reject because his government must acquire consent. That consent is commonly granted by the application for benefits and entitlements at the expense of your neighbor. “He who receives the benefit should also bear the disadvantage.” The disadvantage shall continue to increase if we continue to persist on this path to corruption.
The word “republic” was used because those early pilgrims and separatists knew its origins. It is a shortened form of the Latin idiom “Libera res publica”, meaning “free from things public.” The heads of the government were “titular” in authority, meaning they held authority “in name only.” But for the people to maintain the power to choose, e.g. liberty, they needed to maintain the responsibilities of liberty.
Plutarch warned: “The real destroyers of the liberties of the people is he who spreads among them bounties, donations, and benefits.”
The tutelary power of the state must remain in the hands of the individual and not be transferred to the corporate State or body politic. That transfer of the responsibility of social welfare from the people in voluntary systems would elevate the power of the State has proven to be an error throughout history. That process alone assures the demise of liberty and that a great nation will soon be great no more.
The tutelary power of society was managed through their temples and priests identified by a representation of the personification of a mythical spirit or god called a Daemon. These centers or temples were supplied by freewill offerings and charity or by tribute and forced taxation. The transition from voluntary contributions to the use of force was often gradual. Greeks understood that it was these systems of welfare that bound the loyalty of the people and because of that they were not even to mention the name of another Daemon.
"That the man who first ruined the Roman people twas he who first gave them treats and gratuities" Plutarch's Life of Coriolanus (c. 100 AD.)
The Bible tells us that such common purses run toward evil. Over and over again the Bible warns us not to take benefits or the deceitful dainties from men who exercise authority one over the other, because what they offer is a snare and a trap, and will make us merchandise (or human resources), and a surety for debt.
The United States was never a pure republic. It was to guarantee a republican form of government to the states, but it was an indirect democracy created by the constitution at the will of the original state republics. A Republic is “that form of government in which the administration of affairs is open to all the citizens. In another sense, it signifies the state, independently of its government.”
In the original American Republics, citizenship of the individual freeman depended upon his “ownership” of land as an estate, but “in the United States ‘it is a political obligation’ depending not on ownership of land, but on the enjoyment of the protection of government; and it ‘binds the citizen to the observance of all laws’ of his sovereign.”
"The early church was characterized by a sense of solidarity (cf. Acts 4:32); Christian unity provided a source of strength against the hostile forces of the world. Only later did “sects” mar the scene. Second, the historian noted that the disciples were cautious “to detect the errors of heresy” as such evolved within the movement. The devout were willing “to expel” from the society of the faithful those, who by teaching or practice, threatened the safety of the religious community . Gibbon also notes that one of the factors that preserved the integrity of the church in those early days was that every congregation was “separate and independent,” and as yet not “connected by any supreme authority or legislative assembly.” 
"Our curiosity is naturally prompted to inquire by what means the Christian faith obtained so remarkable a victory over the established religions of the earth. To this inquiry an obvious but unsatisfactory answer may be returned; that it was owing to the convincing evidence of the doctrine itself, and to the ruling providence of its great Author. But as truth and reason seldom find so favourable a reception in the world, and as the wisdom of Providence frequently condescends to use the passions of the human heart, and the general circumstances of mankind, as instruments to execute its purpose, we may still be permitted, though with becoming submission, to ask, not indeed what were the first, but what were the secondary causes of the rapid growth of the Christian church? It will, perhaps, appear that it was most effectually favoured and assisted by the five following causes:
- I. The inflexible, and, if we may use the expression, the intolerant zeal of the Christians, derived, it is true, from the Jewish religion, but purified from the narrow and unsocial spirit which, instead of inviting, had deterred the Gentiles from embracing the law of Moses.
- II. The doctrine of a future life, improved by every additional circumstance which could give weight and efficacy to that important truth.
- III. The miraculous powers ascribed to the primitive church.
- IV. The pure and austere morals of the Christians.
- V. The union and discipline of the Christian republic, which gradually formed an independent and increasing state in the heart of the Roman empire."
The early Church ministers were also titular. The could not exercise authority one over the other because Christ forbid them to be like the rulers of other governments. They did have authority over what people gave them in charity. This is why they could provide welfare for early Christians in need without being like the Benefactors of other governments that ruled over the people.
Consent not |
Social contract |
Withdraw consent |
Marriage | Permanency of marriage | Employ | Vows | Swear not | Oath of Naturalization |
Religion | Corban | Private welfare | Welfare | Welfare types | Titular |
One purse | Golden calf | Covet | Merchandise | Benefactors | Sovereign |
Government | Governments | Civil Government |
Government and Liberty Described |
Social contract | Covenants of the gods |
Contracts, Covenants and Constitutions |
Nationalism | Republic | Democracy | Minarchism | Statism |
Fascism | Tyranny | Despotism | Federation
Communism | Anarcho communism | Communist Manifesto |
Communist Altruism | Primitive Communism | Karl Marx Marriage |
Collectivism | Altruism | Saul Syndrome | Foolishly |
Anarchist | Capitalism | Socialism | Rules For Radicals | Atheist |
Viable republic | Republican form | Titular |
The Way | Perfect law of liberty | NAP |
Taxation | Tribute | Tithe | Tithing | Pay tribute |
Legal charity | Social Security | Corban | Hierarchy |
Imperial Cult of Rome | The Democracy Cult |
Employ | Bondage | Mammon | Temples |
Cain | Nimrod | Pharaoh | Caesar | Law |
Mystery Babylon | Saving Babylon | Exiting Babylon |
Supreme being | gods many | Ideological subversion |
Schools as Tools | Roots of the Welfare State |
Covetous Practices | Consent not | Withdraw consent |
Come out | Put out | Cry out | Voice |
Kingdom of God | Church legally defined |
Pure Religion | Christian conflict |
Road closings | Right to disobey | Adhocracy | Righteousness | The Way |
Law | Divers lusts | Wantonness | Goats and Sheep | Brooking | Robots |
1 Samuel 8 | Proverbs 1 | Proverbs 23 | David Crockett | Self Defense
- SMU Mustang’s Spring 1986 alumni magazine. Story by Paul Andrew Hutton.
- Cujus est commodum ejus debet esse incommodum.
- 2 Peter 2:19 “While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.”
- Tutelary is having the guardianship of a person or a thing like a Father or Benefactor.
- Daemon is the Latin word for the Ancient Greek daimon
- “Cast in thy lot among us; let us all have one purse: ....” Proverbs 1:14-19
- Proverbs 23:1 “When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what [is] before thee: And put a knife to thy throat, if thou be a man given to appetite. Be not desirous of his dainties: for they are deceitful meat.”
- Luke 22:25 “And he said unto them, 'The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. But it shall not be so among you.'”[Matthew 20:25, Mark 10:42]
- Romans 11:9 “And David saith, 'Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them':” quoting Psalms 69:22
- 2 Peter 2:3 “And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.”
- Proverbs 17:18 “A man void of understanding striketh hands, [and] becometh surety in the presence of his friend.”
- Republic. Black’s Dictionary 3rd Ed. p1536
- Wallace v. Harmstad, 44 Pa. 492; etc. Black’s 3rd Ed. p. 95
- Gibbon, Edward. (n.d.). The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Vol. I. New York, NY: The Modern Library.
- Gibbon, Edward. (n.d.). The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Vol. I. New York, NY: The Modern Library.
- Chapter 15, Fall In The West — The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon
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