Offering

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  1. a thing offered, especially as a gift or contribution.
"animals as sacrificial offerings"
"you may place offerings in the basket"
  1. a thing produced or manufactured for entertainment or sale. "Hollywood's latest offerings for the European market"
  2. a contribution, especially of money, to a church.
  3. a thing offered as a religious sacrifice or token

There are numerous words translated offering within the Torah. They are almost all about Charity yet the word charity, which is also translated love every time Christ says it, is not found anywhere in the Old Testament.

How can this be?

Upon examination of the context, language and theme of the Bible from beginning to end it is clear that God's message is and always has been about giving and forgiving.

Offering | Korban
Korab | Minchah
Necek | Nedabah
Shelem | Tenuwphah
Teruwmah

One is teruwmah[1] Which appears as offering more than 50 times but also oblation or gift.

And tenuwphah[2]

Then there is a word often translated freewill offering from nedabah [3] and is defined in the sense of voluntarism.

The word nedabah is from the root nadab [4] meaning to be incited to make an offering willingly.

Another term like Korban[5] is from the word Korab[6] as found in the Torah in relation to the worship of Ancient Israel which was an offering for the practice of Pure Religion.

Another is minchah[7] appearing as offering some 164 times but also a present or gift numerous times.

The meat offering in the Hebrew is minchah. As a word they are different from the burnt offering. The term minchah[8] also appears some times with another Strong's number assigned to it.


Another of word is olah[9] which is associated with the meaning of root alah[10] which has to to with up or ascend and contains the same Hebrew letters.

Numbers 28 also mentions a drink offering and a meat offering. What are these? The drink offering in the Hebrew text is nesek[11] from nacak [12] meaning to pour out or cover.

And shelem [13] is translated peace offering over 80 times. The term korban shelamim (קורבן שלמים) is rendered "peace offering". A modern Jewish encyclopedia suggests that there are three kinds of peace-offering: (1) the thank-offering; (2) the votive-offering; and (3) the free-will offering. But M. M. Kalisch says that the shelamim were "safety-offerings." They were connected with the essential to a secure existence.[14]

There are also words that include the word offering to translate their meaning like chattaah[15] meaning sin offering.

And ishshah [16] meaning a burnt-offering.

There are root words like zabach [17] which are used to produce words like Altars which also is translated offer or sacrifice.

Burnt Offerings

Burnt Offerings are understood by considering what happens from the viewpoint of the one who presents the offering. When his offering is burnt, it turns to ashes. This means there was a change in the status and rights of the one who offered funds, garden produce, or land that previously belonged to him - he no longer owns even a small part of that property, and he has no rights to it. He totally gave his gift at the altar.

In reality, his offering is not set on fire. Nobody lights a hot fire to burn the man's contribution check or to literally turn his garden produce into a pile of ashes.

These are metaphors and to unmoore their meaning is sophistry. We see burnt is used as a metaphor to indicate the process of what happens to property rights related to the offering. The one who once managed that property has severed his rights, and he is no longer the manager.

After the offering is burnt, it becomes the property of the one to whom it was offered, and a burnt offering brought to the altar of Christ becomes an item of property belonging to Jesus Christ. After it is burnt, it will be managed by a steward, whom we call a minister of recorded elders (MoRE).

Every altar has a minister standing beside it. The minister in a civil government is often called a 'clerk' or an 'official'. The minister has duties connected with the altar[18], and he can only stand at the altar while he is trusted to serve according to his prescribed duties. The minister does not have complete property rights over the property which came as a burnt offering. In the view of the minister, the item which came to the altar is an item of value, and if he acts according to his good conscience, he dares not steal it from its rightful owner (the superior being or corporation for whom he acts as a trustee).

In the case of a church minister, he has the duty to commune with the Father in heaven, to do His will regarding the offering which came to him as a burnt offering, and this is just the same Jesus did, during His earthly ministry, as He was doing the will of the Father. The Father did not lead Jesus to dole out benefits to those who refused to consider and do according to the Law of the Almighty in heaven. And the church minister carefully weighs the situation before he administers welfare assistance, using items from the altar of Christ as provisions and benefits given out freely (with no strings attached, and without exercising authority over the recipient of the benefit).

The church minister may use a computer system, or he may use a hand-written system for keeping records. He will need to consider guidelines while he interacts with those who approach the altar of Christ. He certainly has religious duties related to welfare and the Daily ministration. He is also a singer[19] who proclaims the good news.

Look what Jesus did in Luke 9[20]. He asked His disciples to go preach the kingdom of God, because that was part of the Father's business. Did they load up the stuff which came to the altar? No, they traveled without lots of stuff, and when they were greeted by kingdom seekers, they were given what they needed on their journey. That which was given to them was charity, to support the work of the disciples during their journey. It was not a burnt offering, in that case, since it was given by the seeker directly to the disciple for his own use.

What, then, is the proper use of items that came to the altar? And how is the burnt offering delivered?

It is for purposes of pure religion.

It is given in the context of a trust, with its trustee (deacon/minister) standing at his place to oversee all burnt offerings. A righteous manner of giving becomes the altar of Christ. If it is given by a manner of 'strange fire', the good trustee rejects it, and he does not let it touch the altar of Christ, so that the altar may remain pure and holy.


In Numbers 28, we find words like offering and burnt offering. The word for offering in the Hebrew is qorban. The word for burnt offering is olah. Both words indicate sacrifice, but the latter includes the idea of holocaust (going up in smoke). Another Hebrew word, ishshah, also indicates burnt offering, since it is made by fire. Numbers 28:2 "Command the children of Israel, and say unto them, My offering [qorban], and my bread for my sacrifices made by fire [ishshah], for a sweet savour unto me, shall ye observe to offer [qarab] unto me in their due season." Qorban and qarab both have the idea of coming near. [21]

The reason for gathering together in a congregation of record includes purposes of drawing nearer to God, and He wants His children to come with them some of the blessings He has graced upon them along the way in their journey of life. We are to cast them upon the waters[22], which is to say, we are to share them, to make them available whenever a minister discovers a worthy soul who needs healing or comfort or assistance to get him back onto the path of diligence and righteousness. The burnt offering is at hand when the minister discovers, in the moment, it is time to distribute from the altar of Christ in the manner of ministry which is pleasing to the Father.

The manner of casting this bread upon the waters includes these aspects:

  • It is a voluntary gift, given from a cheerful heart by one who gladly shares his wealth;
  • it is a gift given for reasons of repentance, gratitude, love and mercy;
  • it is a gift that is useful (i.e, it is not rubbish, in the eyes of the giver);
  • it is a gift which, from God's way of seeing it, is not blemished;
  • it is an item which the giver owned, until the time he gave it as a burnt offering.

These aspects, together with all aspects of justice and humility, are innately part of the holy fire which make the burnt offering acceptable.


This page is a work-in-progress.

Sacrifice
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Bible Index | Network |

== Footnotes ==
  1. 08641 ^המורת^ tᵉruwmah \@ter-oo-maw’\@ or ^המרת^ tᵉrumah (#De 12:11) \@ter-oo-maw’\@ from 07311; n f; AV-offering 51, oblation 19, heave 4, gifts 1, offered 1; 76 1) contribution, offering 1a) a heave offering 1b) any offering 1c) an offering to God 1d) an offering (of grain, money, etc) 1e) contribution
  2. 08573 ^הפונת^ tᵉnuwphah \@ten-oo-faw’\@ from 05130; n f; AV-wave offering 14, wave 8, offering 6, shaking 2; 30 1) swinging, waving, wave offering, offering 1a) a swinging, brandishing 1a1) of God’s hand, weapons 1b) waving, wave-offering (technical term of sacrifice) 1c) offering (of gold or brass)
  3. 05071 ^הבדנ^ nᵉdabah \@ned-aw-baw’\@ from 05068; n f; AV-freewill offering 15, offerings 9, free offering 2, freely 2, willing offering 1, voluntary offering 1, plentiful 1, voluntarily 1, voluntary 1, willing 1, willingly 1; 26 1) voluntariness, free-will offering 1a) voluntariness 1b) freewill, voluntary, offering
  4. 05068 ^בדנ^ nadab \@naw-dab’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-offered willingly 6, willingly offered 5, willing 2, offered 1, willing 1, offered freely 1, give willingly 1; 17 1) to incite, impel, make willing 1a) (Qal) to incite, impel 1b) (Hithpael) 1b1) to volunteer 1b2) to offer free-will offerings
  5. 07133 ^ןברק^ qorban \@kor-bawn’\@ or ^ןברק^ qurban \@koor-bawn’\@ from 07126, Greek 2878 ~κορβαν~; n m; AV-offering 68, oblation 12, offered 1, sacrifice 1; 82 1) offering, oblation
  6. 07126 ^ברק^ qarab \@kaw-rab’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-offer 95, (come, draw, … ) near 58, bring 58, (come, draw, … ) nigh 18, come 12, approach 10, at hand 4, presented 2, misc 13; 280 1) to come near, approach, enter into, draw near 1a) (Qal) to approach, draw near 1b) (Niphal) to be brought near 1c) (Piel) to cause to approach, bring near, cause to draw near 1d) (Hiphil) to bring near, bring, present
  7. 04503 ^החנמ^ minchah \@min-khaw’\@ from an unused root meaning to apportion, i.e. bestow; n f; AV-offering 164, present 28, gift 7, oblation 6, sacrifice 5, meat 1; 211 1) gift, tribute, offering, present, oblation, sacrifice, meat offering 1a) gift, present 1b) tribute 1c) offering (to God) 1d) grain offering
  8. 04504 ^החנמ^ minchah (Aramaic) \@min-khaw’\@ corresponding to 04503; n f; AV-meat offering 1, oblation 1; 2 1) gift, offering 1a) oblation, offering (to God through representative) 1b) meal offering
  9. 05930 ^הלע^ ‘olah \@o-law’\@ or ^הלוע^ ‘owlah \@o-law’\@ f act part of 05927; n f; AV-burnt offering 264, burnt sacrifice 21, ascent 1, go up 1; 289 1) whole burnt offering 2) ascent, stairway, steps
  10. 05927 ^הלע^ ‘alah \@aw-law’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-(come, etc … ) up 676, offer 67, come 22, bring 18, ascend 15, go 12, chew 9, offering 8, light 6, increase 4, burn 3, depart 3, put 3, spring 2, raised 2, arose 2, break 2, exalted 2, misc 33; 889 1) to go up, ascend, climb... visit, follow, depart,... go up over, rise (of natural phenomenon)... to be taken up, be brought up, be taken away... to bring up, cause to ascend or climb, cause to go up...
  11. 05262 ^ךסנ^ necek \@neh’- sek\@ or ^ךסנ^ necek \@nay’- sek\@ from 05258; n m; AV-offering 59, image 4, cover withal 1; 64 1) drink offering, libation, molten image, something poured out 1a) drink offering 1b) molten images
  12. 05258 ךסנ nacak naw-sak’ a primitive root; v; AV-pour out 12, pour 4, cover 3, offer 2, melteth 1, molten 1, set 1, set up 1; 25 1) to pour out, pour, offer, cast
  13. 08002 ^םלשׁ^ shelem \@sheh’- lem\@ from 07999; n m; AV-peace offerings 81, peace 6; 87 1) peace offering, requital, sacrifice for alliance or friendship 1a) voluntary sacrifice of thanks
  14. "A Historical and Critical Commentary on the Old Testament, Book of Leviticus," part i., pp. 241-249, London, 1867
  15. 02403 ^האטח^ chatta’ah \@khat-taw-aw’\@ or ^תאטח^ chatta’th \@khat-tawth’\@ from 02398; n f; AV-sin 182, sin offering 116, punishment 3, purification for sin 2, purifying 1, sinful 1, sinner 1; 296 1) sin, sinful 2) sin, sin offering 2a) sin 2b) condition of sin, guilt of sin 2c) punishment for sin 2d) sin-offering 2e) purification from sins of ceremonial uncleanness
  16. 0801 ^השׁא^ ‘ishshah \@ish-shaw’\@ the same as 0800, but used in a liturgical sense; n m; AV-offering … by fire 65; 65 1) burnt-offering, offering made by fire, fire offering
  17. 02076 ^חבז^ zabach \@zaw-bakh’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-sacrifice 85, offer 39, kill 5, slay 5; 134 1) to slaughter, kill, sacrifice, slaughter for sacrifice 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to slaughter for sacrifice 1a2) to slaughter for eating 1a3) to slaughter in divine judgment 1b) (Piel) to sacrifice, offer sacrifice
  18. The altar in a civil government office is not merely the counter behind which the clerk stands. The civil altar includes the computer system used for the work. It includes the administrative codes by which the clerk does his job. It includes all elements of a system for providing welfare benefits to the public.
  19. One who announces. This is the idea of a news broadcaster. In the ancient days, this was accomplished by the town crier or the runner. This was a trustworthy one, who repeated accurately what he heard said by he king (for example). He put the burden upon himself to get the news to its intended destination, come what may. He encountered perils, on his journey. So be it, he is faithful to his duty, and he fends for himself. He was a tough guy! He would run in the rain and snow, just to deliver the news. It could save lives, if it was news about an approaching enemy. How many ministers act like that when they present the gospel? The singer is a preacher. Some singers use a melody with their message, but Jesus was a preacher (we have no record showing He preached with a melody and rhythm), and He was a singer in the sense of being a bearer of good news.
  20. Luk 9:1 Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases. Luk 9:2 And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick. Luk 9:3 And he said unto them, Take nothing for your journey, neither staves, nor scrip, neither bread, neither money; neither have two coats apiece. Luk 9:4 And whatsoever house ye enter into, there abide, and thence depart. Luk 9:5 And whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet for a testimony against them. Luk 9:6 And they departed, and went through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing every where.
  21. Jer 30:21, 22 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD. And ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. Hebrews 10:22 - 25 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) and let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
  22. Ecc 11:1 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days. Ecc 11:2 Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.


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