Commanded

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The Kingdom of God is from "generation to generation" and not just from congregation to congregation. The Feasts made this possible as families united by marriage and friendship and meeting the challenges of a peculiar people who live by faith, hope, and charity through a perfect law of liberty. This is why Christ commanded that the people must first organize themselves in the tens like dry bones coming together.

Command

You might think that if Jesus commanded His minister disciples to organize the people in patterns of tens before they received the loaves and fishes and that there is clear evidence that the early Churched did that consistently so that they could rightly divide bread from house to house in the practice of Religion and to provide aid to Christians during these hard times through the aid brought by ministers like Paul and Barnabus during national [dearths]], emergencies and persecutions that the people who claim to be ministers of Christ would be doing something very similar today.
If Jesus told His appointed ministers to feed my sheep and care for the needy, providing daily bread from house to house[1] without exercising authority to provide that daily ministration through the practice of what James calls Pure Religion in the service of a peculiar people by His Church they would be striving to do that too.
If Jesus told His appointed minister they had to give up their personal estates, belong to Him alone not being part of the world and follow Him that you would see all those who are claiming to be the ministers of His Church today doing something similar.
If Jesus condemned the Pharisees for their Corban which provided benefits to the people by way of men who called themselves benefactors but exercised authority one over the other and because they failed to attend to the weightier matters then those men who call themselves ministers of Christ but do not do what He commanded may be the many workers of iniquity He warned us of and in need of repentance.

"This Bible is for the Government of the People, by the People, and for the People."[2]



It appears that the practices of the modern Church is drastically different than what the early Church did daily. Modern Christians are often doing things that early Christians were persecuted for refusing to do.

We see the word commanded numerous times in the Bible. Sometimes it is men commanding other men sometimes it is God or Jesus making commands. Did Jesus ever command His disciples to do something important?

The first place we see the word commanded is in Genesis when God commanded man not to eat of the tree of Knowledge but only of the tree of life.[3] It is probably just as important to understand what those trees are as it is to understand the word commanded.

The word there is [4] in the form of VavYodTzadikVav from the Hebrew root word TzadikVavHey which is used to create the Hebrew word commandment, mitsvah, TzadikVavHeyMem.[5]

There are several Greek words translated commanded in the New Testament and the first one is prostasso, which only appears 7 times.[6] It is a word that means more to bid someone to do something or conform to some order or arrangement rather than a forceful command.



Epitasso

There is the Greek word epitasso (epetaxen) which appears 10 times[7] and means to enjoin upon, order, command, charge. Jesus uses this word when he commanded His disciples to organize the people in small groups or companies networked together in ranks of fifty and ranks of a hundred.

The word "rank" is repeated several times in the text. It is from the Greek word prasia from a Hebrew idiom.[16] This has nothing to do with rank of authority but a way to network the differnt groups of ten so that there can be a proper division of the bread from house to house. Without that network the daily ministration, especially over the whole Roman Empire, as we see being done in Acts would be impossible. Each company of elders would pick one elder to gather together with nine men like himself to create a small group of ten men who could oversee a righteous distribution to a hundred.


  • Mark 6: 41 "And when he had taken the five loaves and the two fishes, he looked up to heaven, and blessed), and brake the loaves, and gave them to his disciples to set before them; and the two fishes divided he among them all."

The “Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together" of Hebrews 10:25 was exemplified when the disciples were "commanded" by Jesus to make the people sit down in "ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties."[17]

The purpose of organizing in this fashion was more than two-fold. The apostles would receive and distribute (breaking) what people were willing to share as we see in:

Acts 2:46 And every day, they continued to gather together in the temple, breaking (klōntes | κλῶντες) bread from house to house, sharing their food with joy and simplicity of heart,
Acts 20:7 On the first day of the week, when we had gathered to break (klasai | κλάσαι) bread, Paul addressed them, and since he intended to leave the next day, he continued his message until midnight.
1 Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a sharing in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break (klōmen | κλῶμεν), is it not a sharing in the body of Christ?
1 Corinthians 11:24 and after giving thanks, he broke (eklasen | ἔκλασεν) it, and said, “This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”

We see this same pattern of Tens when the disciples were told to make the people sit down by fifties in a company in Luke 9:14.[18]

But this pattern of Tens was at essential at Pentecost when thousands upon thousands of Jewish citizens accepted Jesus as the Christ and king and upon their Baptism they were cast of the system of Corban that was making the word of God to none effect.

This organized gathering in Tens was to implement the welfare of The Congregation of the people, for the benefit of the people by the people's fervent charity freely provided through the hands of Jesus' disciples. The early Church practiced Pure Religion in a network of charity and hope that bound the people together in love. This righteous Corban of Christ would make the word of God to effect again.

The entire Christian conflict with Rome was rooted in the "union and discipline" of their network of Charity. The true Early Christian did not apply for benefits at the government temples of Rome nor did they take part in the Imperial Cult of Rome of social welfare provided through the Fathers of the earth who called themselves Benefactors but exercised authority one over the other.



Paraggello

Another Greek word translated command is paraggello [19] which may include the idea of a command but by itself it only means "to transmit a message along from one to another, to declare". There are uses of the word depending on context where the word paraggello carries the weight of an order.

Jesus used this word in Mark 8:6 [20] where he "commanded the people to sit down". While we may read that as a command it was more like an instruction that it was time to sit down as they did in Mark 6:39 but the word was epitasso and he was commanding the disciples not the people.

We see Jesus use the word in Matthew 10:5 "These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into [any] city of the Samaritans enter ye not:"

Why would Jesus forbid his apostles to go to other nations including the Samaritan when he was praising the faith of a Roman centurion and the Good Samaritan? Was Jesus trying to tell, command, His disciples to do something else? Jesus would later send them out to preach to all nations, so this prohibition was just at that time.

It is probably as important to understand the words sent forth which is from apostello[21] and the words way from hodos [22], enter from the Greek eiserchomai [23] and city from the Greek polis.[24]

If those words were used according to their meaning as metaphors what Jesus was saying was quite different than what some would have you to think.

The word "the way" means "a course of conduct" or "a way (i.e. manner) of thinking, feeling, deciding". The apostles were called to Repent which means to think differently. Was Jesus warning them to be guarded against conducting or thinking like the other nations?

The Greek eiserchomai warning them not to "enter" into the "polis" of the Samaritans could easily mean that Jesus did not want them to enter into "condition or status" within the political city states. From the beginning to the en Jesus wanted to keep his disciples separate from the world which was the constitutional orders and systems of governments of the people who exercise authority one over the other.



A third word in the Greek text translated commanded is keleuo [25] which specifically does mean to command and appears some 27 times[26], usually by people in positions of authority like Herod, Pilate, Festus or the chief captain. It is from a primary Greek word kello meaning "to urge on".

Peter uses the term "keleuo" in reference to Jesus giving him a command.[27] And Jesus uses it in one of His Parables.[28]

Jesus uses the term "keleuo" several times in order to direct His disciples and the people who sought to follow Him.[29]


There is another word that means command which we find in the New Testament. The Greek verb entellomai[30]meaning "to order, command to be done, enjoin" is seen some 17 times in the text.

The Greek word entellomai was used once in relationship to the last will and testament of Joseph concerning his bones. [31]

Adversaries of Christ used the word twice to mock Jesus.[32]

The term was used four times in reference to Moses giving commands.[33]

Jesus used the term 9 times concerning commands directed for us to obey.[34]


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Footnotes

  1. Acts 2:46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,
  2. is attributed to the General Prologue to the John Wycliffe Bible translation of 1384, as quoted in Lincoln at Gettysburg.
  3. Genesis 2:16 "And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die."
  4. 06680 ^הוצ^ tsavah \@tsaw-vaw’\@ a primitive root Hebrew letters TzadikVavHey; if you add a Mem 04687 ^הוצמ^ mitsvah v; AV-command 514, charge 39, commandment 9, appoint 5, bade 3, order 3, commander 1, misc 4; 494
    1) to command, charge, give orders, lay charge, give charge to, order
    1a) (Piel)
    1a1) to lay charge upon
    1a2) to give charge to, give command to
    1a3) to give charge unto
    1a4) to give charge over, appoint
    1a5) to give charge, command
    1a6) to charge, command
    1a7) to charge, commission
    1a8) to command, appoint, ordain (of divine act)
    1b) (Pual) to be commanded
  5. 04687 ^הוצמ^ mitsvah \@mits-vaw’\@ with the Hebrew letters MemTzadikVavHey from 06680; n f; AV-commandments 173, precept 4, commanded 2, law 1, ordinances 1; 181
    1) commandment
    1a) commandment (of man)
    1b) the commandment (of God)
    1c) commandment (of code of wisdom)
  6. 4367 ~προστάσσω~ prostasso \@pros-tas’-so\@ from 4314 and 5021; v AV-command 6, bid 1; 7
    1) to assign or ascribe to, join to
    2) to enjoin, order, prescribe, command
    2a) to appoint, to define
    Appears 7 times:
    Matthew 1:24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden <4367> him, and took unto him his wife:
    Matthew 8:4 And Jesus saith unto him, See thou tell no man; but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded <4367>, for a testimony unto them.
    Matthew 21:6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded <4367> them, And brought the ass, and the colt,...
    Kingdom context Matthew 21:5 "... thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass."
    Mark 1:44 And saith unto him, See thou say nothing to any man: but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which Moses commanded <4367>, for a testimony unto them.
    Luke 5:14 And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses commanded <4367>, for a testimony unto them.
    Acts 10:33 Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded <4367> thee of God.
    Acts 10:48 And he commanded <4367> them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.
  7. 2004 ~ἐπιτάσσω~ epitasso \@ep-ee-tas’-so\@ from 1909 and 5021; ; v AV-command 8, charge 1, enjoin 1; 10
    1) to enjoin upon, order, command, charge
    The Greek word epitasso translated command appear 10 times but only a few times in the Bible in reference to Jesus. He commanded unclean spirits in Mark 1:27, Luke 4:36, Mark 9:25 and in Luke 8:31. We also see Him command the wind in Luke 8:25.
    While Jesus uses the word in Luke 14:22 in a parable of a master commanding his servants to gather people for the wedding feast the only time Jesus commanded people was his disciples in Mark 6:39 to make all sit down by companies.
    In Mark 6:27 we see the king sent an executioner, and commanded John the Baptist's head to be brought and Acts 23:2 The high priest Ananias commanded men to smite Jesus on the mouth.
    It is very clear the word epitasso is not an invitation, a suggestion, advise, statement
    The word "commandments" is not the same and it is usually the Greek word entole which means more a precept or a statement like the word we see in the Old Testament for Commandments.
    also Philemon 1:8 Wherefore, though I might be much bold in Christ to enjoin <2004> thee that which is convenient,
  8. Mark 6:39
    • Westcott and Hort 1881
    καὶ ἐπέταξεν αὐτοῖς ἀνακλιθῆναι πάντας συμπόσια συμπόσια ἐπὶ τῷ χλωρῷ χόρτῳ.
    And he commanded them to make sit down all by companies by companies upon the green grass.
    kai epetaxen autois anaklinai pantas symposia symposia epi chlōrō chortō.
    καὶ ἐπέταξεν αὐτοῖς ἀνακλιθῆναι πάντας συμπόσια συμπόσια ἐπὶ τῷ χλωρῷ χόρτῳ.
    And he commanded them to make sit down all by companies by companies upon the green grass.
  9. Matthew 15:35 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground.
  10. The word companies is repeated twice in the original text.
    4849 ~συμπόσιον~ sumposion \@soom-pos’-ee-on\@ from a derivative of the alternate of 4844; ; n n AV-company 1, not tr. 1; Repeated twice in Mark 6:39
    1) a drinking party, entertainment
    1a) of the party itself, the guests
    1b) rows of guests
    This word sumposion is derived in part from the word pino which means "figuratively, to receive into the soul what serves to refresh strengthen, nourish it unto life eternal"
  11. Green from the Greek word chloros can mean yellowish pale because it is not the primary word for green.
  12. Is the green grass like the green pastures of Psalms 23:2 "He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters." The word pasture is na’ah meaning a habitation or abode in the sense of "beautiful" and "befitting". Green in Hebrew is deshe from dasha meaning cause to sprout or come forth.
  13. Mark 6:40
    Westcott and Hort 1881
    καὶ ἀνέπεσαν πρασιαὶ πρασιαὶ κατὰ ἑκατὸν καὶ κατὰ πεντήκοντα.
    And they sat down in ranks, in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties.
    kai anepesan prasiai prasiai kata hekaton kai kata pentēkonta.
    καὶ ἀνέπεσαν πρασιαὶ πρασιαὶ κατὰ ἑκατὸν καὶ κατὰ πεντήκοντα.
    And they sat down in ranks, in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties.
  14. ranks is also repeated twice in original text and is from the word prasia which as a Hebrew idiom i.e. they reclined in ranks or divisions, so that several ranks formed, as it were separate plots.
  15. 10 x 10=100 and 100 x 50=5000 men or husbands which were present(Mark 6:44 )
  16. 4237 ~πρασιά~ prasia \@pras-ee-ah’\@ perhaps from prason (a leek, and so an onion-patch); ; n f AV-in ranks 1, not tr. 1; 2
    1) a plot of ground, a garden bed
    2) Hebrew idiom i.e. they reclined in ranks or divisions, so that several ranks formed, as it were separate plots
  17. John 6:10 And Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.
    Luke 9:15 "And they did so, and made them all sit down."
  18. Luke 9:14 For they were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, Make them sit down by fifties in a company.
  19. 3853 ~παραγγέλλω~ paraggello \@par-ang-gel’-lo\@ from 3844 and the base of 32; v AV-command 20, charge 6, give commandment 1, give charge 1, declare 1, give in charge 1, vr command 1; 31
    1) to transmit a message along from one to another, to declare, announce
    2) to command, order, charge
    For Synonyms see entry 5844
  20. Mark 8:6 And he commanded the people to sit down on the ground: and he took the seven loaves, and gave thanks, and brake, and gave to his disciples to set before [them]; and they did set [them] before the people.
  21. 649 ~ἀποστέλλω~ apostello \@ap-os-tel’-lo\@ from 575 and 4724; TDNT-1:398,67; {See TDNT 87} v AV-send 110, send forth 15, send away 4, send out 2, misc 2; 133
    1) to order (one) to go to a place appointed
    2) to send away, dismiss
    2a) to allow one to depart, that he may be in a state of liberty
    2b) to order one to depart, send off
    2c) to drive away For Synonyms see entry 5813
  22. 3598 ~ὁδός~ hodos \@hod-os’\@ apparently a root word; TDNT-5:42,666; {See TDNT 535} n f AV-way 83, way side 8, journey 6, highway 3, misc 2; 102
    1) properly
    1a) a way
    1a1) a travelled way, road
    1b) a travellers way, journey, travelling
    2) metaph.
    2a) a course of conduct
    2b) a way (i.e. manner) of thinking, feeling, deciding
  23. 1525 ~εἰσέρχομαι~ eiserchomai \@ice-er’-khom-ahee\@ from 1519 and 2064; TDNT-2:676,257; {See TDNT 259} v AV-enter 107, go 22, come in 19, go in 18, enter in 17, come 14, arise 1; 198
    1) to go out or come in: to enter
    1a) of men or animals, as into a house or a city
    1b) of Satan taking possession of the body of a person
    1c) of things: as food, that enters into the eater’s mouth
    2) metaph.
    2a) of entrance into any condition, state of things, society, employment
    2a1) to arise, come into existence, begin to be
    2a2) of men, to come before the public
    2a3) to come into life
    2b) of thoughts that come into the mind
  24. 4172 ~πόλις~ polis \@pol’-is\@ probably from the same as polemos 4171 meaning war, or perhaps from polus 4183 meaning many, much, large; n f AV-city 164; 164
    1) a city
    1a) one’s native city, the city in which one lives
    1b) the heavenly Jerusalem
    1b1) the abode of the blessed in heaven
    1b2) of the visible capital in the heavenly kingdom, to come down to earth after the renovation of the world by fire
    1c) the inhabitants of a city
  25. 2753 ~κελεύω~ keleuo \@kel-yoo’-o\@ from a primary kello (to urge on); ; v AV-command 24, at (one’s) command 1, give commandment 1, bid 1; 27
    1) to command, to order
  26. : Matthew 14:9 And the king was sorry: nevertheless for the oath’s sake, and them which sat with him at meat, he commanded <2753> it to be given her.
    Matthew 27:58 He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded <2753> the body to be delivered.
    Matthew 27:64 Command <2753> therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
    Luke 18:40 And Jesus stood, and commanded <2753> him to be brought unto him: and when he was come near, he asked him,
    Acts 4:15 But when they had commanded <2753> them to go aside out of the council, they conferred among themselves,
    Acts 5:34 Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded <2753> to put the apostles forth a little space;
    Acts 8:38 And he commanded <2753> the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.
    Acts 12:19 And when Herod had sought for him, and found him not, he examined the keepers, and commanded <2753> that they should be put to death. And he went down from Judaea to Caesarea, and there abode.
    Acts 16:22 And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded <2753> to beat them.
    Acts 21:33 Then the chief captain came near, and took him, and commanded <2753> him to be bound with two chains; and demanded who he was, and what he had done.
    Acts 21:34 And some cried one thing, some another, among the multitude: and when he could not know the certainty for the tumult, he commanded <2753> him to be carried into the castle.
    Acts 22:24 The chief captain commanded <2753> him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him.
    Acts 22:30 On the morrow, because he would have known the certainty wherefore he was accused of the Jews, he loosed him from his bands, and commanded <2753> the chief priests and all their council to appear, and brought Paul down, and set him before them.
    Acts 23:3 Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, thou whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest <2753> me to be smitten contrary to the law?
    Acts 23:10 And when there arose a great dissension, the chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have been pulled in pieces of them, commanded <2753> the soldiers to go down, and to take him by force from among them, and to bring him into the castle.
    Acts 23:35 I will hear thee, said he, when thine accusers are also come. And he commanded <2753> him to be kept in Herod’s judgment hall.
    Acts 24:8 Commanding <2753> his accusers to come unto thee: by examining of whom thyself mayest take knowledge of all these things, whereof we accuse him.
    Acts 25:6 And when he had tarried among them more than ten days, he went down unto Caesarea; and the next day sitting on the judgment seat commanded <2753> Paul to be brought.
    Acts 25:17 Therefore, when they were come hither, without any delay on the morrow I sat on the judgment seat, and commanded <2753> the man to be brought forth.
    Acts 25:21 But when Paul had appealed to be reserved unto the hearing of Augustus, I commanded <2753> him to be kept till I might send him to Caesar.
    Acts 25:23 And on the morrow, when Agrippa was come, and Bernice, with great pomp, and was entered into the place of hearing, with the chief captains, and principal men of the city, at Festus’ commandment <2753> Paul was brought forth.
    Acts 27:43 But the centurion, willing to save Paul, kept them from their purpose; and commanded <2753> that they which could swim should cast themselves first into the sea, and get to land:
  27. : Matthew 14:28 And Peter answered him and said, Lord, if it be thou, bid <2753> me come unto thee on the water.
  28. : Matthew 18:25 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded <2753> him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.
  29. Matthew 8:18 Now when Jesus saw great multitudes about him, he gave commandment <2753> to depart unto the other side.
    Matthew 14:19 And he commanded <2753> the multitude to sit down on the grass, and took the five loaves, and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude.
    Matthew 15:35 And he commanded <2753> the multitude to sit down on the ground.
  30. 1781 ~ἐντέλλομαι~ entellomai \@en-tel’-lom-ahee\@ from 1722 and the base of 5056; v AV-command 10, give commandment 3, give charge 2, enjoin 1, charge 1; 17
    1) to order, command to be done, enjoin
    For Synonyms see entry 5844
  31. Hebrews 11:22 By faith Joseph, when he died, made mention of the departing of the children of Israel; and gave commandment <1781> concerning his bones.
  32. : Matthew 4:6 And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give <1781> his angels charge <1781> concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.
    Luke 4:10 For it is written, He shall give <1781> his angels charge <1781> over thee, to keep thee:
  33. : Mark 10:3 And he answered and said unto them, What did Moses command <1781> you?
    Matthew 19:7 They say unto him, Why did Moses then command <1781> to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away?
    John 8:5 Now Moses in the law commanded <1781> us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou?
    Hebrews 9:20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined <1781> unto you.
  34. Matthew 15:4 For God commanded <1781>, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
    John 14:31 But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave <1781> me commandment <1781>, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence.
    Matthew 17:9 And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged <1781> them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead.
    Mark 11:6 And they said unto them even as Jesus had commanded <1781>: and they let them go.
    Mark 13:34 For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded <1781> the porter to watch.
    John 15:14 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command <1781> you.
    John 15:17 These things I command <1781> you, that ye love one another.
    Acts 1:2 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments <1781> unto the apostles whom he had chosen:
    Acts 13:47 For so hath <1781> the Lord commanded <1781> us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.


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