Commandments

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Dennis Prager says in this video that the ten Commandments are just the ten statements. Why did he say that?______Time 5:09
What are commandments?

Ten Commandments or Statements

Are they laws or statements? The word "commandment" is defined as "a divine rule, especially one of the Ten Commandments."

"The Ten Commandments are [are said to be] laws or rules handed down to Moses by God on Mount Sinai. An example of the Ten Commandments are "I am the LORD thy God. Thou shalt have no strange gods before Me" and "Thou shall not kill." YourDictionary.com

But the word commandment in the Hebrew is the word mitsvah[1] formed from the Hebrew letters MemTzadikVavHey with the root TzadikVavHey.

There are only three times where we find the phrase "ten commandments" in the Bible[2] All three times we do not see the word mitsvah but the word dabar.

The common Hebrew word for "word", dabar [3] is also translated commandments but only 20 times out of over 1400 appearances in the Bible. It consists of the Hebrew letters DaletBeitReish which is a primitive root word which is also given the Strong's number 01696 [4] and said to mean speak and appearing over a thousand times but only translated command 4 times.

The author is clearly expressing something different when he writes MemTzadikVavHey compared to DaletBeitReish and vice versa.

MemTzadikVavHey:

Mem has to do with something that flows,
Tzadik Has to do with righteousness,
Vav Has to do with Connecting realms or the dividing veil between them.
Hey Emphasizes Expression--Thought, Speech, Action like seeds.

MemTzadikVavHey comes from the Hebrew root word tsavah , TzadikVavHey[5] without the Mem which is commonly translated command. The Hebrew word tsav, TzadikVav [6] is almost always translated precept.

  • "But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken." Isaiah 28:13

So, are the Ten Commandments actually The Ten Laws or are they the Ten Statements? The answer likely depends on your point of view concerning God more than the words MemTzadikVavHey or DaletBeitReish. The meanings of the Hebrew letters of these words may give you a better perspective on their original meaning.

Jesus only used the Greek word epitasso translated "command" once concerning his disciples in Mark 6:39. Almost no group calling itself the Church today follows that "command" off Christ about The Congregation of the people.

Certainly any statement by God could be considered a command by those who love God but the statements of God are really just His explanation of how creation works. It should be self evident that no one can keep the The ten statements of God if the righteousness of God is not flowing through us.

This is where Christ comes in and the fulfillment of the prophecy of God writing upon our hearts and upon our minds. There are at least two realms spoken of in the Bible other than this place we call the material universe. One is Heaven and the other is Hell. They both operate according to precepts the seeds of which may grow in us. We will know what is growing in a people by the fruit that is produced.

This is why the "ten statements" are so important because they are explaining to us what good fruit looks like. Obviously killing, stealing, and lying are evidence of bad fruit flowing from people who do not have . But also coveting which is not desiring things like your neighbor but actually desiring what is your neighbor's.

Coveting along with keeping those ten stated precepts of the natural law of God is mentioned over and over by the apostles who warned the people of the New Covenant. Peter[7], Paul[8], James[9] and John[10]all warned the New Covenant Church that what they were doing and not doing would reveal the truth of their claim to faith. Paul warned people to test their faith[11] to make sure they were not deceived.

Even John warns that we need to walk according to what Jesus showed us and confess our sins if we are to be cleansed of unrighteousness.[12] John even gives the keeping of the commandments as the rod by which we measure the truth of our faith.[13] And those who do not keep the commandments are a liar and Christ is not in them.[14] Over and over John repeats that he that "doeth not righteousness" is not born again of Christ and the Father.[15] And John warns us that we may not only be deceived but may deceive ourselves [16] warning us of the many false teachers who are "out in the world".[17]

The Bible from the beginning warns[18] and continues those warnings throughout the New Testament that many will be decieved thinking they are believers while in truth they are workers of iniquity.[19] Because these warnings are ignored by the modern Church, the welfare of a foolish[20] society has become a snare.

  • “It is impossible to introduce into society a greater change and a greater evil than this: the conversion of the law into an instrument of plunder.”[21]

But many doctrines of the modern Church come into conflict with the statements of Jesus because they often suggest and even state that keeping the commandments is not important but only belief. This seems contradictory to the example and activities of the early Church because it is clear that violating those ten stated righteous precepts is primary evidence that one does not truly believe.



And God spake

"And God spake all these words, saying," Exodus 20:1
No. Text Description
I. 2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You did not set yourself free from the corvee system where you were employed in Egypt, but Holy Spirit set you free from the bondage of that government of Egypt.
3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. You shall not institute systems where men become "ruling Judges" over you as a substitute for the Holy Spirit of God ruling in the hearts[22] and minds of he people. You are to give no man the power to appoint gods over you to make law and decide good and evil for you.
4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: You shall not make or institute or establish anything to be a substitute for God in your heart and mind like the Golden calf was. You will make no covenants with other gods. You shall have no other ruling judges in the place of God, the Creator of Heaven and Earth.
II. Exodus 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; You should make no Contracts, Covenants, or Constitution, nor take benefits that obligate you to bow in labor or serve these other man-made gods.
6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. Once you grasp that these gods are men who become your ruling judges who can then force you to obey their directives through the law of contract, the Bible and these Ten Commandments take on a fuller meaning.
III. Exodus 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. You shall not claim to be under the God of Heaven while you go under the authority of another name, father or benefactors, but remain under the LORD's authority only in liberty and righteousness.
8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Keep in your mind the principle of working first and then enjoying the benefit of that labor, which is Sabbath.
9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: You will work first.
10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: After you complete the work that earned the benefit, you will take that rest which is the Sabbath.
11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. This pattern of earning first is the pattern of my character and way and name. Keeping the Sabbath keeps you from the debt that makes you merchandise of others wherein you owe your service to another, for your debt is a curse your children inherit.
IV. Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. You shall honor your Father by taking care of your parents in love and hope that your children will care for you, rather than to seek the Corban of unrighteousness to provide the needed care in social welfare schemes by force.
V. Exodus 20:13 Thou shalt not kill. You shall not take, by force nor cunning, any proper part of another Man’s life or liberty. You shall not allow your fierce anger to corrupt life.
VI. Exodus 20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. You shall strive to not violate or defile your body or any part of the body of Christ.
VII. Exodus 20:15 Thou shalt not steal. You must not take by force or deception the use or benefit of anything that belongs to another.
VIII. Exodus 20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. We must always bear witness to the truth, never doing harm by any falsehood or deception.
IX. Exodus 20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, You shall not desire the rights nor dominion of others.
X. Exodus 20:17 thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s. You shall not desire power over rights or possessions of other man’s Family. No benefits should be desired that came from property tax, income tax nor any system of compelled offerings.
  • Joshua 1:8 KJV - This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

As you see in the table above, people have tried to group these commandments of God into 10 distinct statements. The Roman Catholics use one arrangement. The protestants have another. The Jews have another. Why is there not one standard way to group them into 10? Consider that the "Ten" is not about a count, but refers to whom the commandments are for. The "Ten Commandments" are the Commandments for the "Tens". They are the blueprint for God's way to live in community with one another, as is the kingdom pattern of Tens, Hundreds and Thousands as even Christ "commanded" in Mark 6:39. They are the guideposts marking God's way so we know when we are straying from the path.[23] We are not forced to follow His way but there are natural and man-made consequences for living apart from God. Just as there are rewards for remaining committed to His way.

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Footnotes

  1. 04687 ^הוצמ^ mitsvah \@mits-vaw’\@ with the Hebrew letters MemTzadikVavHey from 06680; n f; AV-commandments 173, precept 4, commanded 2, law 1, ordinances 1; 181
    1) commandment
    1a) commandment (of man)
    1b) the commandment (of God)
    1c) commandment (of code of wisdom)
  2. Exodus 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
    Deuteronomy 4:13 And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone.
    Deuteronomy 10:4 And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me.
  3. 01697 ^רבד^ dabar \@daw-baw’\@ DaletBeitReish from 01696; n m; AV-word 807, thing 231, matter 63, acts 51, chronicles 38, saying 25, commandment 20, misc 204; 1439
    1) speech, word, speaking, thing
    1a) speech
    1b) saying, utterance
    1c) word, words
    1d) business, occupation, acts, matter, case, something, manner (by extension)
  4. 01696 ^רבד^ dabar \@daw-bar’\@ DaletBeitReish a primitive root which is also given the Strong's number 01697; v; AV-speak 840, say 118, talk 46, promise 31, tell 25, commune 20, pronounce 14, utter 7, command 4 misc 38; 1143
    1) to speak, declare, converse, command, promise, warn, threaten, sing
    1a) (Qal) to speak
    1b) (Niphal) to speak with one another, talk
    1c) (Piel)
    1c1) to speak
    1c2) to promise
    1d) (Pual) to be spoken
    1e) (Hithpael) to speak
    1f) (Hiphil) to lead away, put to flight
  5. 06680 ^הוצ^ tsavah \@tsaw-vaw’\@ a primitive root Hebrew letters TzadikVavHey; if you add a Mem 04687 ^הוצמ^ mitsvah v; AV-command 514, charge 39, commandment 9, appoint 5, bade 3, order 3, commander 1, misc 4; 494
    1) to command, charge, give orders, lay charge, give charge to, order
    1a) (Piel)
    1a1) to lay charge upon
    1a2) to give charge to, give command to
    1a3) to give charge unto
    1a4) to give charge over, appoint
    1a5) to give charge, command
    1a6) to charge, command
    1a7) to charge, commission
    1a8) to command, appoint, ordain (of divine act)
    1b) (Pual) to be commanded
  6. 06673 ^וצ^ tsav \@tsav\@ or ^וצ^ tsav \@tsawv\@ from 06680; n m; AV-precept 8, commandment 1; 9
    1) command, ordinance, oracle (meaning dubious)
    1a) used in mocking mimicry of Isaiah’s words and thus not a true divine command
  7. “Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall: For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.” 2 Peter 1:10, 11
    2 Peter 2:14 "Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; curse children:"
    2 Peter 2:3 "And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not."
  8. 2 Timothy 3:1 ¶ This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. 2 For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, 3 Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, 4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; 5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away. 6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts, 7 Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth. 8 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith. 9 But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was. 10 ¶ But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience, 11 Persecutions, afflictions, which came unto me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; what persecutions I endured: but out of them all the Lord delivered me. 12 Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution. 13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived. 14 But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them; 15 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
    Ephesians 5:1 ¶ Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children; 2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour. 3 ¶ But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints; 4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks. 5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. 6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. 7 Be not ye therefore partakers with them. 8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light: 9 (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth;) 10 Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord. 11 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them.
    "Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage." Galatians 5:1 Galatians 5:15 "But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another."
    1 Corinthians 6:9 "Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
    11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.".
  9. James 1:21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. 22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. 23 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass: 24 For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. 25 But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.
    James 5:12 ¶ But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and [your] nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.
  10. 1 John 1:6 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:
    1 John 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.
    1 John 2:11 But he that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes.
    2 John 1:4 I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father.
    2 John 1:6 And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it.
    3 John 1:3 For I rejoiced greatly, when the brethren came and testified of the truth that is in thee, even as thou walkest in the truth. 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth... 11 Beloved, follow not that which is evil, but that which is good. He that doeth good is of God: but he that doeth evil hath not seen God.
  11. 2 Corinthians 13:5 Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?(The word reprobate is from adokimos meaning not standing the test, not approved) But I trust that ye shall know that we are not reprobates.
  12. 1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. 8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
  13. 1 John 2:3 ¶ And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.
  14. 1 John 2:4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
  15. 1 John 2:29 If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him.
    1 John 3:7 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. 8 He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. 9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. 10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.
    11 ¶ For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another.
    1 John 3:24 And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.
  16. 1 John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 1 John 3:7 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. 2 John 1:7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.
  17. 1 John 4:1 ¶ Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
  18. Exodus 23:32, 34:12-15, 20:1-17, Deuteronomy 13:8, 17:16, Judges 2:2, 1 Samuel 8; 13:13, Proverbs 1:10-19, Proverbs 23, Psalms 69:22. See also Ezekiel 11:3-11, Micah 3:3; Exodus 16:3.
  19. Matthew 6:9, 23:9, 5:34... 20:25, Mark 10:42, Luke 4:18, 22:25, 1 Corinthians 7:21, 2 Corinthians 6:16, James 5:12, 1 Peter 2:16, Romans 7:7, 13:9, 11:9, Colossians 3:5, Hebrews 13:5, 2 Peter 2:3-14, 2 Peter 2:19, 2 Timothy 2:26,1:1, 9
  20. 1 Samuel 13:13
  21. Frederic Bastiat, 1801 – 1850, French theorist, political economist.
  22. Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: 33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
  23. Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.


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