1 Corinthians 14

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prophesy

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1 Corinthians 13 and 14 broadcast
"14:1-5 Prophesying, that is, explaining Scripture," Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary
"1 Corinthians 14:6-11 Tongues not understood, like indistinct musical sounds, are of no service to the hearers." Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
"1 Corinthians 14:12-20 All gifts should be referred to edification." Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
Luke 7:8 For I also am a man set under authority, having under me soldiers, and I say unto one, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth [it].
Questions
Why did Paul say "Let your women keep silence"? [1]
Should you test strange tongues?
Who are the workers of iniquity?
Where is the "virtuous women"?


1 ¶ Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.[2] 2 For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries. 3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification,[3] and exhortation, and comfort. 4 He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself;[4] but he that prophesieth edifieth the church. 5 I would that ye all spake with tongues, but rather that ye prophesied: for greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive edifying.

Beware of Gibberish

6 ¶ Now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine? 7 And even things without life giving sound, whether pipe or harp, except they give a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped? 8 For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle? 9 So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye shall speak into the air. 10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and none of them is without signification. 11 Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian unto me. 12 Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church. 13 Wherefore let him that speaketh in an unknown tongue pray that he may interpret. 14 For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.

understanding

15 ¶ What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding[5] also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also. 16 Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest? 17 For thou verily givest thanks well, but the other is not edified. 18 I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all: 19 Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue. 20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.

admonishing the wicked

21 ¶ In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord. 22 Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying[6] serveth not for them that believe not, but for them which believe. 23 If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad? 24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all: 25 And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on his face he will worship God, and report that God is in you of a truth.

author of confusion

26 ¶ How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying. 27 If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course; and let one interpret. 28 But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God. 29 Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge. 30 If any thing be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace. 31 For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be comforted. 32 And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets. 33 For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.

virtuous woman

34 ¶ Let your women[7] keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law. 35 And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.

decently and in order

36 ¶ What? came the word of God out from you? or came it unto you only? 37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord. 38 But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant. 39 Wherefore, brethren, covet to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues. 40 Let all things be done decently and in order.




Corinthians Index

1 Corinthians Introduction | 1 Corinthians 1 | 1 Corinthians 2 | 1 Corinthians 3 | 1 Corinthians 4 | 1 Corinthians 5 | 1 Corinthians 6 | 1 Corinthians 7 | 1 Corinthians 8 | 1 Corinthians 9 | 1 Corinthians 10 | 1 Corinthians 11 | 1 Corinthians 12 | 1 Corinthians 13 | 1 Corinthians 14 | 1 Corinthians 15 | 1 Corinthians 16

== Footnotes ==
  1. 4601 ~σιγάω~ sigao \@see-gah’-o\@ from 4602; ; v AV-hold (one’s) peace 4, keep silence 3, keep close 1, keep secret 1; 9
    1) to keep silence, hold one’s peace
    2) to be kept in silence, be concealed
    • This is not the same silence we see in Matthew 22:34, Mark 1:25,
    Mark 4:39, and 1 Peter 2:15. 5392 the Greek word φιμόω phimoo
    • Nor is it the word ~ἡσυχία~ hesuchia 2271 meaning "the life of one who stays at home doing his own work, and does not officiously meddle with the affairs of others."
    • We do see hesuchia in 1 Timothy 2:11-12 Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence."
  2. 4395 ~προφητεύω~ propheteuo \@prof-ate-yoo’-o\@ from 4396 an interpreter ; TDNT-6:781,952; {See TDNT 673} v AV-prophesy 28; 28
    1) to prophesy, to be a prophet, speak forth by divine inspirations, to predict
    1a) to prophesy
    1b) with the idea of foretelling future events pertaining esp. to the kingdom of God
    1c) to utter forth, declare, a thing which can only be known by divine revelation
    1d) to break forth under sudden impulse in lofty discourse or praise of the divine counsels
    1d1) under like prompting, to teach, refute, reprove, admonish, comfort others
    1e) to act as a prophet, discharge the prophetic office
  3. 3619 ~οἰκοδομή~ oikodome \@oy-kod-om-ay’\@ feminine (abstract) of a compound of 3624 and the base of 1430; n f AV-edifying 7, building 6, edification 4, wherewith (one) may edify 1; 18
    1) (the act of) building, building up
    2) metaph. edifying, edification
    2a) the act of one who promotes another’s growth in Christian wisdom, piety, happiness, holiness
    3) a building (i.e. the thing built, edifice)
  4. Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
    Mark 13:22 For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect.
    John 4:48 Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe.
  5. 3563 ~νοῦς~ nous \@nooce\@ probably from the base of 1097; n m AV-mind 21, understanding 3; 24
    1) the mind, comprising alike the faculties of perceiving and understanding and those of feeling, judging, determining
    1a) the intellectual faculty, the understanding
    1b) reason in the narrower sense, as the capacity for spiritual truth, the higher powers of the soul, the faculty of perceiving divine things, of recognising goodness and of hating evil
    1c) the power of considering and judging soberly, calmly and impartially
    2) a particular mode of thinking and judging, i.e thoughts, feelings, purposes, desires
    For Synonyms see entry 5917
  6. 4394 ~προφητεία~ propheteia \@prof-ay-ti’-ah\@ from 4396 ("prophecy"); TDNT-6:781,952; {See TDNT 673} n f AV-prophecy 16, prophesying 3; 19
    1) prophecy
    1a) a discourse emanating from divine inspiration and declaring the purposes of God, whether by reproving and admonishing the wicked, or comforting the afflicted, or revealing things hidden; esp. by foretelling future events
    1b) Used in the NT of the utterance of OT prophets
    1b1) of the prediction of events relating to Christ’s kingdom and its speedy triumph, together with the consolations and admonitions pertaining to it, the spirit of prophecy, the divine mind, to which the prophetic faculty is due
    1b2) of the endowment and speech of the Christian teachers called prophets
    1b3) the gifts and utterances of these prophets, esp. of the predictions of the works of which, set apart to teach the gospel, will accomplish for the kingdom of Christ
  7. Proverbs 31:10 ¶ Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price [is] far above rubies.


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