Gentiles

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The first place we see the word "gentiles" in the bible is Genesis 10:5 where t appears twice.[1] The first pace it is said to mean "Gentiles" and the second place it is translate "nations"

It is from the Hebrew word "gowy" [GamelVavYod ] [2] which is only translated "gentiles" 30 times but translated "nation" 374 times.

We see the same pattern of translating the same word different ways in the new Testament with the word [3] translated Gentiles 93 times but , nation 64 times.

We also see the Greek word "Hellen" translated "Greek" 20 times translated "gentile" 7 times.[4]


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Footnotes

  1. Genesis 10:5 "By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations."
  2. 01471 ^יוג^ gowy \@go’- ee\@ rarely (shortened) ^יג^ goy \@go’- ee\@ apparently from the same root as 01465; ; AV-nation 374, heathen 143, Gentiles 30, people 11; 558 n m
    1) nation, people
    1a) nation, people
    1a1) usually of non-Hebrew people
    1a2) of descendants of Abraham
    1a3) of Israel
    1b) of swarm of locusts, other animals (fig.) n pr m
    1c) Goyim? = "nations"
  3. 1484 ~ἔθνος~ ethnos \@eth’-nos\@ probably from 1486; n n AV-Gentiles 93, nation 64, heathen 5, people 2; 164
    1) a multitude (whether of men or of beasts) associated or living together
    1a) a company, troop, swarm
    2) a multitude of individuals of the same nature or genus
    2a) the human family
    3) a tribe, nation, people group
    4) in the OT, foreign nations not worshipping the true God, pagans, Gentiles
    5) Paul uses the term for Gentile Christians
  4. 1672 ~ʽ´Ελλην~ Hellen \@hel’-lane\@ from 1671; n m AV-Greek 20, Gentile 7; 27
    1) a Greek either by nationality, whether a native of the main land or of the Greek islands or colonies
    2) in a wider sense the name embraces all nations not Jews that made the language, customs, and learning of the Greeks their own; the primary reference is to a difference of religion and worship