Dispensationalism is a religious interpretive system for the Bible. It considers Biblical history as divided deliberately by God into defined periods or ages to each of which God has allotted distinctive administrative principles.
John Nelson Darby began teaching Dispensationalism in the mid-1800s. Dispensational theology did not become popular until Cyrus Scofield published the Scofield Reference Bible in the early 1900s. The belief in a distinction between Israel and the church did not become prominent until a government began calling themselves Israel in 1948. The Levites were appointed the Church in the wilderness and the early Church believed that the "Bishops, presbyters(elders) and deacons occupy in the church the same positions as those which were occupied by Aaron, his sons, and the Levites in the temple." Jerome, Ep. 146
Also, no one advocated the dispensational theology of a pretribulation rapture in church history as a concept until the 1800s.
New Covenant Theology (or NCT) is a Christian theological position teaching that the person and work of Jesus Christ is the central focus of the Bible. ... It shares similarities with, and yet is distinct from, Dispensationalism and Covenant Theology.
Covenant theology (also known as Covenantalism, Federal theology, or Federalism) is a conceptual overview and interpretive framework for understanding the overall flow of the Bible. It uses the theological concept of a covenant as an organizing principle for Christian theology.
Premillennialism is often used to refer specifically to those who adhere to the beliefs in an earthly millennial reign of Christ as well as a rapture of the faithful coming before (dispensational) or after (historic) the Great Tribulation preceding the Millennium.
The main premise of premillennialism is that Jesus will literally return to the earth before (pre) the millennium begins and that He himself will inaugurate and rule over it. This is also tied to Dispensationalism while the preterist believes Jesus did appear at the fall of Jerusalem when many prophesies were fulfilled. If early Christians continued being the One form of government Jesus appointed during the decline and fall of the Roman Empire then the rise of kings crowned by the Roman Church in 1066 and beyond was the rise of beasts and the unchaining of Satan. That would put the world in the period where they could all be deceived even the elect if it were possible.
The Grace Movement (Hyper-dispensationalism, Mid-Acts Dispensationalism, ultra-dispensationalism, or more rarely, "Bullingerism" to which 'ultra-dispensationalism' properly applies) is a Protestant doctrine that basically views the teachings of the Apostle Paul both as unique from earlier apostles and as foundational ...
Preterism holds that Ancient Israel finds its continuation or fulfillment in the Christian church at the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. The term preterism comes from the Latin praeter, which Webster's 1913 dictionary lists as a prefix denoting that something is "past" or "beyond".
Judaizers is a term for Christians who decide to adopt Jewish customs and practices such as, primarily, the Law of Moses. They are distinct from Jewish Christians in that they were not originally Jewish, though often consider themselves descended from various lost tribes of Israel. This term Judaizer is derived from the Koine word Ἰουδαΐζειν (Ioudaizein) used once in the Greek New Testament (Galatians 2:14)
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- Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect. Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.