Hebrews 8

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Hebrews 8 Commentary
* Hebrews 8 is the new covenant chapter. It is the only place in the New Testament that talks about an old and new covenant. There is a great controversy about that new covenant and about how it differs from the old.
* The second covenant is different from the first, but not for the reason people often think. They are also the same, because God is the same. We do not earn salvation, because it is by grace, but it was also by grace in the old covenant, so that is not what is new.
* Moses and Jesus were in agreement.[1] But Moses and Jesus were not the same.
* There appears to be a difference in the Old covenant and the New, but what is that difference? Covenants are contracts and agreements which have parties and terms.
  • The first Covenant was through Moses, while the second was with Christ who was more excellent than Abraham or Moses.
* Part of the problem was with the people. They tried to emulate the commandments, as if by your own will they could keep the commandments and save themselves. That, of course, would not work, and God knew that all along. There is really no essential difference in the actual intended covenants, because you always had to love the law of God and His righteousness, in order to keep it.
The Greeks had one word for law. Nomos can mean law as in the Latin words Jus or lex which is merely a statute that results from a social contract. The Old Testament has even more words which some people try to equate with the word law.
Genesis 26:5 "Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws."
  • Charges is shama[2], commandments here is mitsvah[3], statutes is chuqqah[4], and laws is torah[5].
Many modern preachers are confused and confuse other people. They say a lot of things that are true but they are not consistent with the New Testament writings which are actually very easy to understand if we have ears to hear and eyes to see and not ears that believe a lie because of itching ears. Do not mistake motion for the Holy Spirit.
The law was only the ten not the 613 or 700 statutes of Moses. Because of this same confusion Paul wrote Romans and Peter said his brother Paul would be writing in his Epistles and “speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.” 2 Peter 3:16
Moses wrote his statutes to help people understand the ten which still needed to be written upon the hearts.[6] of the people or they would not be able to keep them. The Pharisees twisted the Torah and the mitsvah commandments until they made the word of God to none effect.
“Many” modern Christians are doing the same because despite what they say they do not really know Jesus as Jesus warned they would do.[7]
* A main difference was that the law must be written on your heart, in the new covenant; it is not just to be performed. The performance of works is not the result of fear but faith, and if there were no works or little works or works of iniquity, then we know that there is no real faith.[8]
* Christ and Peter in the New Covnant made it clear that you were not to even want to commit sins like adultery.[9] If you do not forgive, then neither will you be forgiven.[10]
* Understanding the will of God and the kingdom is not just about studying and words or phrases, but it is dependent upon revelation not Flesh and blood[11].
Jesus said if you want Eternal life Keep the Commandments which are The Ten Laws God. The Ten Laws hinges upon the two.[12]

They must be written on your hearts. [13]

Some will try to tell you that there is a division between what Christ taught, His doctrines and the New Covenant but such teachings of the Modern Church makes the word of God to none effect.[14]
Any interpretation of Hebrews that voids the doctrines of Jesus are void.
  • Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than [that of] Abel.

[1] Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; [2] A minister[15] of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. [3] For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. [4] For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: [5] Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.

[6] But now hath he obtained a more excellent[16] ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better[17] covenant, which was established upon better promises. [7] For if that first covenant had been faultless[18], then should no place have been sought for the second. [8] For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: [9] Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. [10] For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: [11] And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. [12] For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. [13] In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.




Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than [that of] Abel.

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Footnotes

  1. Luke 24:44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.
    John 5:46 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me.
    John 7:19 Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me?
  2. 08085 ^עמשׁ^ shama‘ \@shaw-mah’\@ a primitive root; AV-hear 785, hearken 196, obey 81, publish 17, understand 9, obedient 8, diligently 8, shew 6, sound 3, declare 3, discern 2, noise 2, perceive 2, tell 2, reported 2, misc 33; 1159 v
    1) to hear, listen to, obey
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to hear (perceive by ear)
    1a2) to hear of or concerning
    1a3) to hear (have power to hear)
    1a4) to hear with attention or interest, listen to
    1a5) to understand (language)
    1a6) to hear (of judicial cases)
    1a7) to listen, give heed
    1a7a) to consent, agree
    1a7b) to grant request
    1a8) to listen to, yield to
    1a9) to obey, be obedient
    1b) (Niphal)
    1b1) to be heard (of voice or sound)
    1b2) to be heard of
    1b3) to be regarded, be obeyed
    1c) (Piel) to cause to hear, call to hear, summon
    1d) (Hiphil)
    1d1) to cause to hear, tell, proclaim, utter a sound
    1d2) to sound aloud (musical term)
    1d3) to make proclamation, summon
    1d4) to cause to be heard
    n m 2) sound
  3. 04687 ^הוצמ^ mitsvah \@mits-vaw’\@ with the Hebrew letters MemTzadikVavHey from 06680; n f; AV-commandments 173, precept 4, commanded 2, law 1, ordinances 1; 181
    1) commandment
    1a) commandment (of man)
    1b) the commandment (of God)
    1c) commandment (of code of wisdom)
  4. 02708 ^הקח^ chuqqah \@khook-kaw’\@ from 02706; n f; AV-statute 77, ordinance 22, custom 2, appointed 1, manners 1, rites 1; 104
    1) statute, ordinance, limit, enactment, something prescribed
    1a) statute
  5. 08451 ^הרות^ towrah \@to-raw’\@ or ^הרת^ torah \@to-raw’\@ from 03384; n f; AV-law 219; 219
    1) law, direction, instruction
    1a) instruction, direction (human or divine)
    1a1) body of prophetic teaching
    1a2) instruction in Messianic age
    1a3) body of priestly direction or instruction
    1a4) body of legal directives
    1b) law
    1b1) law of the burnt offering
    1b2) of special law, codes of law
    1c) custom, manner
    1d) the Deuteronomic or Mosaic Law
  6. Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: 33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
  7. : 2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.
    Matthew 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
    Matthew 24:5 For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
  8. James 2:14 ¶ What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? 15 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 16 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? 17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. 18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. 19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. 20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
  9. Matthew 5:28 But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. 2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
  10. Matthew 6:14 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you:
    Matthew 6:15 But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
    Matthew 18:35 So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
    Mark 11:25 And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any: that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses. 26 But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses.
    Acts 8:22 Repent therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray God, if perhaps the thought of thine heart may be forgiven thee.
  11. Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
    1 Corinthians 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.
    Galatians 1:16 To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:
    Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
    Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
  12. Matthew 22:37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
  13. Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: 33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
  14. 1 John 3:15 Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.
    Ephesians 5:1 Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children; 2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
    3 ¶ But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints; 4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks. 5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
  15. 3011 ~λειτουργός~ leitourgos \@li-toorg-os’\@ from a derivative of 2992 Laos/people and 2041 ergon work, deed, laborer; TDNT-4:229,526; {See TDNT 434} n m AV-minister 4, he that ministers 1; 5
    1) a public minister, a servant of the state
    2) a minister, servant
    2a) so of military labourers
    2b) of the temple
    2b1) of one busied with holy things
    2b2) of a priest
    2c) of the servants of a king
  16. 1313 ~διάφορος~ diaphoros \@dee-af’-or-os\@ from 1308; AV-more excellent 2, differing 1, divers 1; 4
    1) different, varying in kind
    2) excellent, surpassing
  17. 2909 ~κρείττων~ kreitton \@krite’-tohn\@ comparative of a derivative of 2904; ; adj AV-better 17, best 1; 18 1) more useful, more serviceable, more advantageous 2) more excellent
  18. 273 ~ἄμεμπτος~ amemptos \@am’-emp-tos\@ from 1 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of 3201; adj AV-blameless 3, unblameable 1, faultless 1; 5 1) blameless, deserving no censure, free from fault or defect For Synonyms see entry 5887