Epistle to the Romans
The Epistle of Paul to the Romans is the sixth book in the New Testament. Biblical scholars agree that it was composed by the Apostle Paul to explain that salvation is offered through the gospel of Jesus Christ. It is the longest of the Pauline epistles and is considered his "most important theological legacy".
It was obviously written when the “collection for Jerusalem had been assembled” and Paul was about to "go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints", that is, at the close of his second visit to Greece, during the winter preceding his last visit to that city.2
Jews had been expelled in 139 BC due to "aggressive missionary efforts" but also in AD 19 by Tiberius for much the same reason. The problem was that missionary work meant recruiting for the social welfare systems run though temples. There was big money in Religion.
While the Roman church was presumably founded by Jewish Christians, the exile of Jews from Rome in AD 49 by Claudius resulted in Gentile Christians taking leadership positions.
Paul the Apostle was born Saul the son of Prassede, his mother, and a wealthy Benjaminite of the republic of Tarsus, whose father had purchased the status of Rhomaios for himself and his descendants. Paul used his status as both a Rhomaios Jew from Celicia and Tarsus, his wealth but his relationship with his Roman official step father Pudentinus, his half brother Rufus and his imperially favored royal in-laws Claudia and Linus and Rufus Pudens and Claudia had his devout and courageous nieces Prassede and Pudenziana to his advantage in his ministry.
Gentiles vs Jews
- John 3:17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.
1484 ~eynov~ ethnos \@eth'-nos\@ probably from 1486; n n AV-Gentiles 93, nation 64, heathen 5, people 2; 164 1) a multitude (whether of men or of beasts) associated or living together 2) a multitude of individuals of the same nature or genus 3) a tribe, nation, people group
- Matthew 24:14 And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
- Matthew 25:32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:
- Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
- Mark 11:17 And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves.
- Mark 13:10 And the gospel must first be published among all nations.
- Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
- Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
The Epistle of Paul to the Romans
1. Romans, An Introduction
2/15/2013 4:46 PM 26317116 13-2-10Romans-1.mp3
2. Romans, An Introduction, Romans 1, Part 1
More Audio Files
3. Romans 1, Part 2
5. Romans 2, Part 2
6. Romans 3
7. Romans 4
8. Romans 5
11. Romans 9
15. Romans 14
18. Romans 13,
Chapter reviews Paul Love, working, no evil and the Ten Commandments
Which laws, division of faith and fallacies... gods many and prayer
20. Romans, natural brute beasts, protecting the delusion... The welfare state and liberty in righteousness
21. Was Paul a Roman Citizen Part 1
22. Was Paul a Roman Citizen Part 2
Additional audio on The Higher Liberty
Table of Contents
- Romans 13, Part 1
- Romans 13, Part 2
Early non Bible authors
Athenagoras of Athens | Methodius of Olympus | The Gospel of Thomas |
Hippolytus of Rome | Justin the Martyr | Jerome | Augustine of Hippo |
Epistle of Mathetes |
Philo Judaeus or Philo of Alexandria and The Allegories of the Sacred Laws
People in the Bible
Paul the Apostle | Melchizedek | Moses | Cain | Caesar | Herod | Jesus |
John the Baptist | Nimrod | Abraham | Essenes |
Buddha | Celsus | Constantine | Eusebius | Marcus Tullius Cicero | Augustine of Canterbury |
Ambrose | Lady Godiva | Plutarch | Polybius | Seneca | Tacitus | Vespian | Manichaeism | John Wycliffe |
- "Since the Jews constantly made disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus, he [the Emperor Claudius, AD 41-54] expelled them from Rome." The expulsion event Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus refers to is necessarily later than AD 41, and earlier than AD 54. Suetonius was a Roman historian belonging to the equestrian order who wrote during the early Imperial era of the Roman Empire including a set of twelve biographies of successive Roman rulers, from Julius Caesar to Domitian.