Principalities and powers

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The phrase "principalities and powers" appears three times[1] in the English translation of the Bible. It is from the Greek words Arche[2] and exousia[3] which is a reference to the power to choose or the liberty of choice.

The Greek phrase arche kai exousia besides being translated "principalities and powers" is also translated:

magistrates <746>, and <2532> powers

  • Luke 12:11 And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and unto magistrates <746>, and powers <1849>, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say:

power <746> and <2532> authority <1849>

  • Luke 20:20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power <746> and authority <1849> of the governor.

all rule <746> and <2532> all authority <1849> and <2532> power[4].

  • 1 Corinthians 15:24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule <746> and all authority <1849> and power.

Far above <5231> all <3956> principality <746>, and <2532> power <1849>, and <2532> might[4]

  • Ephesians 1:21 Far above all principality <746>, and power <1849>, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:



  • Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities <746>, against powers <1849>, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
  • Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities <746>, or powers <1849>: all things were created by him, and for him:
  • Colossians 2:10 And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality <746> and power <1849>:

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Footnotes

  1. : Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
    Colossians 2:15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
    Titus 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,
  2. 746 ~ἀρχή~ arche \@ar-khay’\@ from 756; n f AV-beginning 40, principality 8, corner 2, first 2, misc 6; 58
    1) beginning, origin
    2) the person or thing that commences, the first person or thing in a series, the leader
    3) that by which anything begins to be, the origin, the active cause
    4) the extremity of a thing
    4a) of the corners of a sail
    5) the first place, principality, rule, magistracy
    5a) of angels and demons
  3. 1849 ~ἐξουσία~ exousia \@ex-oo-see’-ah\@ from 1832 (in the sense of ability); n f AV-power 69, authority 29, right 2, liberty 1, jurisdiction 1, strength 1; 103
    1) power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases
    1a) leave or permission
    2) physical and mental power
    2a) the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises
    3) the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege)
    4) the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed)
    4a) universally
    4a1) authority over mankind
    4b) specifically
    4b1) the power of judicial decisions
    4b2) of authority to manage domestic affairs
    4c) metonymically
    4c1) a thing subject to authority or rule
    4c1a) jurisdiction
    4c2) one who possesses authority
    4c2a) a ruler, a human magistrate
    4c2b) the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates
    4d) a sign of the husband’s authority over his wife
    4d1) the veil with which propriety required a women to cover
    herself
    4e) the sign of regal authority, a crown
    For Synonyms see entry 5820
  4. 4.0 4.1 1411 ~δύναμις~ dunamis \@doo’-nam-is\@ from 1410; n f AV-power 77, mighty work 11, strength 7, miracle 7, might 4, virtue 3, mighty 2, misc 9; 120
    1) strength power, ability
    1a) inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth
    1b) power for performing miracles
    1c) moral power and excellence of soul
    1d) the power and influence which belong to riches and wealth
    1e) power and resources arising from numbers
    1f) power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts