Stumblingblock

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Stumbling blocks of the Bible

Coming to terms with terms of the Bible to obtain a better understanding.

In the Old Testament we see:

04383 ^לושׁכמ^ mikshowl \@mik-shole’\@ or ^לשׁכמ^ mikshol \@mik-shole’\@ from 03782; n m; AV-stumblingblock 8, offence 2, ruins 2, offend 1, fall 1; 14

1) a stumbling, means or occasion of stumbling, stumbling block 1a) stumbling, fall 1b) means or occasion of stumbling, stumbling block

  • 03782 לשׁכ kashal is a primitive root; v; translated fall 27, stumble 19, cast down 4, feeble 4, overthrown 2, ruin 2, bereave + 07921 1, decayed 1, faileth 1, utterly 1, weak 1, variant 2; 65 defined 1) to stumble, stagger, totter

Leviticus 19:14 Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumblingblock <mikshowl> before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD.

1 Samuel 25:31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence <mikshowl> of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.

Psalms 119:165 Great peace have they which love thy law: and nothing shall offend <mikshowl> them.

Isaiah 8:14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence <mikshowl> to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

Isaiah 57:14 And shall say, Cast ye up, cast ye up, prepare the way, take up the stumblingblock <mikshowl> out of the way of my people.

Jeremiah 6:21 Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will lay stumblingblocks <mikshowl> before this people, and the fathers and the sons together shall fall upon them; the neighbour and his friend shall perish.

Ezekiel 3:20 Again, When a righteous man doth turn from his righteousness, and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumblingblock <mikshowl> before him, he shall die: because thou hast not given him warning, he shall die in his sin, and his righteousness which he hath done shall not be remembered; but his blood will I require at thine hand.

Ezekiel 7:19 They shall cast their silver in the streets, and their gold shall be removed: their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the LORD: they shall not satisfy their souls, neither fill their bowels: because it is the stumblingblock <mikshowl> of their iniquity.

Ezekiel 14:3 Son of man, these men have set up their idols in their heart, and put the stumblingblock <mikshowl> of their iniquity before their face: should I be enquired of at all by them?

Ezekiel 14:4 Therefore speak unto them, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Every man of the house of Israel that setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumblingblock <mikshowl> of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to the prophet; I the LORD will answer him that cometh according to the multitude of his idols;

Ezekiel 14:7 For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumblingblock <mikshowl> of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning me; I the LORD will answer him by myself:

Ezekiel 18:30 Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, saith the Lord GOD. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin <mikshowl>.

Ezekiel 21:15 I have set the point of the sword against all their gates, that their heart may faint, and their ruins <mikshowl> be multiplied: ah! it is made bright, it is wrapped up for the slaughter.

Ezekiel 44:12 Because they ministered unto them before their idols, and caused the house of Israel to fall <mikshowl> into iniquity; therefore have I lifted up mine hand against them, saith the Lord GOD, and they shall bear their iniquity.



In the New Testament specifically Romans, Corinthians and Peter there is a Greek term 4348 ~πρόσκομμα~ proskomma \@pros’-kom-mah\@ from 4350; TDNT-6:745,946; n n AV-stumbling stone + 3037 2, stumbling block 2, stumbling 1, offence 1; 6

1) a stumbling block 1a) an obstacle in the way which if one strikes his foot against he stumbles or falls 1b) that over which a soul stumbles i.e. by which is caused to sin

  • 4350 προσκόπτω proskopto is from 4314 and 2875;a verb translated stumble 3, stumble at 2, dash 2, beat upon 1; 8 defined 1) to strike against
    • 4314 πρός pros is a preposition translated unto 340, to 203, with 43, for 25, against 24, among 20, at 11, not tr 6, misc 53, vr to 1; 726 meaning 1) to the advantage of 2) at, near, by
    • 2875 κόπτω kopto kop’-to a root word; a verb translated bewail 2, lament 2, cut down 2, wail 1, mourn 1; 8 and defined 1) to cut, strike, smite 2) to cut from, cut off 3) to beat one’s breast for grief


Romans 9:32 Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone <proskomma>;

Romans 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone <proskomma> and rock of offence <skandalon>: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

Romans 14:13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock <proskomma> or an occasion to fall <skandalon > in his brother’s way.

Romans 14:20 For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence <proskomma>.

1 Corinthians 8:9 But take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours become a stumblingblock <proskomma> to them that are weak.

1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling <proskomma>, and a rock of offence <skandalon >, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.




And another Greek term 4625 ~σκάνδαλον~ skandalon \@skan’-dal-on\@ ("scandal") probably from a derivative of 2578; a noun translated offence 9, stumbling block 3, occasion of stumbling 1, occasion to fall 1, thing that offends 1; 15

1) the movable stick or trigger of a trap, a trap stick

1a) a trap, snare
1b) any impediment placed in the way and causing one to stumble or fall, (a stumbling block, occasion of stumbling) i.e. a rock which is a cause of stumbling
1c) fig. applied to Jesus Christ, whose person and career were so contrary to the expectations of the Jews concerning the Messiah, that they rejected him and by their obstinacy made shipwreck of their salvation

2) any person or thing by which one is (entrapped) drawn into error or sin


Matthew 13:41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend <skandalon >, and them which do iniquity;

Matthew 16:23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence <skandalon > unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.

Matthew 18:7 Woe unto the world because of offences <skandalon >! for it must needs be that offences <4625> come; but woe to that man by whom the offence <4625> cometh!

Luke 17:1 Then said he unto the disciples, It is impossible but that offences <4625> will come: but woe unto him, through whom they come!

Romans 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone <proskomma> and rock of offence <skandalon >: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

Romans 11:9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock <skandalon >, and a recompence unto them:

Romans 14:13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock <proskomma> or an occasion to fall <skandalon > in his brother’s way.

Romans 16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences <skandalon > contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.

1 Corinthians 1:23 But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock <skandalon >, and unto the Greeks foolishness;

Galatians 5:11 And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence <skandalon > of the cross ceased.

1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling <proskomma>, and a rock of offence <4625>, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

1 John 2:10 He that loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is none occasion of stumbling <skandalon > in him.

Revelation 2:14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock <skandalon > before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.



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