Patrimonialism is a form of governance in which all power flows directly from the leader. This constitutes essentially the blending of the public and private sector. These regimes are autocratic or oligarchic and exclude the upper and middle classes from power.
Patrimonialism was centered on family structures, particularly on the authority of fathers within families, in other words patriarchy. Patrimonial monarchies and similar forms of government resulted from dependence of the people upon the State or its equivalent rather than upon family. The dependence for protection projects the natural powers of patriarchy (the rule of the father within the family) onto the State or its equivalent through a broader set of contractual and social relationships.
Patrimonial has come to mean "The field of civil law that is indicated with the French words 'droit patrimonial' ('vermogensrecht') regulates the relationships of people to assets and financial based relationships between private persons. The rights that are set by this field of law are called patrimonial rights ('vermogensrechten')."
The tax on labor is called tribute. Tribute is, “A sum of money paid by an inferior sovereign or state to a superior potentate, to secure the friendship or protection of the latter.” This “Excise (tribute), in its origin, is the patrimonial right of emperors and kings.”
“The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the slothful shall be under tribute.” Proverbs 12:24
The power to impose a tribute or an excise tax on the people, is a patrimonial right of government under Parens Patriae. “Parens patriae literally means ‘parent of the country’ and refers to the traditional role of the state as sovereign and guardian of persons under legal disability.” The state and its ruling leaders become the Father of the people as the people relinquish rights and responsibilities, once enjoyed by the individual free man.
- “Parens patriae originates from the English common law where the King had a royal prerogative to act as guardian for persons under a legal disability such as infants and those mentally ill. In the United States, the parens patriae function belongs with the states.”
In essence a legal disability is one where the individual as a person is no longer in a whole and natural state or status. With the relinquishment or assignment of rights and responsibilities, an individual becomes a person under “legal disabilities” with incumbent duties and limitations. They are no longer whole. A more detailed examination has been extensively addressed in the book, The Covenants of the gods.
The words, parens patriae, are Latin terms that reach back into the time of Christ when the Emperor was the Patronus or Our Father, the Senators were addressed Patri, Father, and the new order of the Pax Romana was desiring to rule the world. With greater and greater influence from those Greeks, the power of the Roman world soon came in conflict with the teachings of the prophets of the Old Testament and their government. This was a time when everyone knew that tribute, excise tax, and income tax was based on the patrimonial right of the king or government as benefactor was standing in the position of Father. They expanded their power through the offer of benefits and maintained it with the sword.
Then came a man called Jesus, who said, “And call no [man] your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.” Matthew 23:9
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- Brande. Black’s 3rd Ed. p. 1757.
- Vectigal, origina ipsa, jus Cæsarum et regum patrimoniale est.
- Black’s Law Dict. 1114 (6th ed. 1990).
- Black’s Law Dict. 1114 (6th ed. 1990).