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In Christian theology "justification" is God's act of removing the guilt and penalty of sin while at the same time declaring a sinner righteous through Christ's atoning sacrifice. In Protestantism, righteousness from God is viewed as being credited to the sinner's account through faith alone, without works.[1]

The word justification appears three times in the Bible. Twice[2] it is translated from the Greek word dikaiosis [3]

It also appears in verse 16 of Romans 5 [4]but is translated from the Greek word [5] which appearing ten times in the Bible[6] is also translated righteousness four times, ordinance three times, and judgment twice.

It is from the Greek word dikaioo [7] which appears 40 times[8] in the Bible. It is normally translated justify.

The word we consistently see appearing 92 times[9] as righteousness is the Greek word dikaiosune [10]

The words dikaiosune and dikaioo are both from the Greek adjective dikaios [11] which is translated righteous forty-one times, just thirty-three times, right five times, and meet twice.

The great debate

Are we justified by faith (Romans) or by works (James)?

The problem with this justification doctrine is that it does not apply to most people who say they have faith.

Most of those people's faith is actually dead because they do not have the works of faith.

James' remarks about faith and works was not saying that we earn salvation by works but that if we want to check and see if we have real faith we do not have to go any farther than to look at what we or others are doing. What we do daily is the evidence or fruit of our faith—or lack thereof.

We can fool ourselves into thinking we have faith but most of the time that faith is a fable created in our own vain imaginations. So James warns us, as well as Peter and Paul, that if we do not have real faith we will go into bondage, fail to love those who may not love us and do a whole list of things that demonstrate that we will not inherit the kingdom. James also warns others seeking the righteousness of God that they should turn away from you.

People "say" they believe but they do not "do" the will of the Father. They say "Lord, Lord" but are not Doers of the Word. They do not Keep the Commandments. They don't even keep the Two commandments. So they will not have Eternal life because they have little or no access to the Grace of God...because they do not really love one another.

They not only have no Daily ministration but they fail to gather together like the early Christians did when they repented at Pentecost. They also have many of those traits we see listed by Paul and Peter that tell us that they will Not inherit the kingdom. They are actually Modern Christians whose deeds give us evidence that they believe in neither Christ nor God...not really.

The Bible also tells us:

  • Romans 1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: 27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet. 28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; 29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: 32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
  • Romans 2:1 ¶ Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things. 2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things. 3 And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God? 4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance? 5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up nto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;

6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds:

  • 1 Corinthians 6:9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
  • Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
  • 2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.
  • 2 Timothy 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

The just shall live by faith

Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
Galatians 3:11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
Galatians 3:12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
Hebrews 10:38 Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him.
Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

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  1. Romans 1:17; Romans 3:28; Romans 4:5; Romans 4:22-25; Romans 5:19; Romans 8:33; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 1 Corinthians 6:17; Galatians 2:16; Philippians 3:9; Galatians 3:27; Colossians 1:27
  2. Romans 4:25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
    Romans 5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
  3. 1347 ~δικαίωσις~ dikaiosis \@dik-ah’-yo-sis\@ from 1344; n f AV-justification 2; 2
    1) the act of God declaring men free from guilt and acceptable to him
    2) abjuring to be righteous, justification
  4. : Romans 5:16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
  5. 1345 ~δικαίωμα~ dikaioma \@dik-ah’-yo-mah\@ from 1344; n n AV-righteousness 4, ordinance 3, judgment 2, justification 1; 10
    1) that which has been deemed right so as to have force of law
    1a) what has been established, and ordained by law, an ordinance
    1b) a judicial decision, sentence
    1b1) of God
    1b1a) either the favourable judgment by which he acquits man and declares them acceptable to Him
    1b1b) unfavourable: sentence of condemnation
    2) a righteous act or deed
  6. Luke 1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances <1345> of the Lord blameless.
    Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment <1345> of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
    Romans 2:26 Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness <1345> of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision?
    Romans 5:16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification <1345>.
    Romans 5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness <1345> of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
    Romans 8:4 That the righteousness <1345> of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
    Hebrews 9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances <1345> of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.
    Hebrews 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances <1345>, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
    Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments <1345> are made manifest.
    Revelation 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness <1345> of saints.
  7. 1344 ~δικαιόω~ dikaioo \@dik-ah-yo’-o\@ from 1342; v AV-justify 37, be freed 1, be righteous 1, justifier 1; 40
    1) to render righteous or such he ought to be
    2) to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered
    3) to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be
  8. Matthew 11:19 The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified <1344> of her children.
    Matthew 12:37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified <1344>, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
    Luke 7:29 And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified <1344> God, being baptized with the baptism of John.
    Luke 7:35 But wisdom is justified <1344> of all her children.
    Luke 10:29 But he, willing to justify <1344> himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?
    Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify <1344> yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
    Luke 18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified <1344> rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
    Acts 13:39 And by him all that believe are justified <1344> from all things, from which ye could not be justified <1344> by the law of Moses.
    Romans 2:13 (For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified <1344>.
    Romans 3:4 God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified <1344> in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.
    Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall <1344> no flesh be justified <1344> in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
    Romans 3:24 Being justified <1344> freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
    Romans 3:26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier <1344> of him which believeth in Jesus.
    Romans 3:28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified <1344> by faith without the deeds of the law.
    Romans 3:30 Seeing it is one God, which shall justify <1344> the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
    Romans 4:2 For if Abraham were justified <1344> by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.
    Romans 4:5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth <1344> the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
    Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified <1344> by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
    Romans 5:9 Much more then, being <1344> now justified <1344> by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
    Romans 6:7 For he that is dead is freed <1344> from sin.
    Romans 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he <1344> also justified <1344>: and whom he justified <1344>, them he also glorified.
    Romans 8:33 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God’s elect? It is God that justifieth <1344>.
    1 Corinthians 4:4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I <1344> not hereby justified <1344>: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.
    1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified <1344> in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
    Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is <1344> not justified <1344> by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified <1344> by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall <1344> no flesh be justified <1344>.
    Galatians 2:17 But if, while we seek to be justified <1344> by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.
    Galatians 3:8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify <1344> the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
    Galatians 3:11 But that no man is justified <1344> by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
    Galatians 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified <1344> by faith.
    Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified <1344> by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
    1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified <1344> in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
    Titus 3:7 That being justified by <1344> his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
    James 2:21 Was <1344> not Abraham our father justified <1344> by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?
    James 2:24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified <1344>, and not by faith only.
    James 2:25 Likewise also was <1344> not Rahab the harlot justified <1344> by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?
    Revelation 22:11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous <1344> still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.
  9. : Matthew 3:15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness <1343>. Then he suffered him.
    Matthew 5:6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness <1343>: for they shall be filled.
    Matthew 5:10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake <1343>: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
    Matthew 5:20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness <1343> shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
    Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness <1343>; and all these things shall be added unto you.
    Matthew 21:32 For John came unto you in the way of righteousness <1343>, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.
    Luke 1:75 In holiness and righteousness <1343> before him, all the days of our life.
    John 16:8 And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness <1343>, and of judgment: John 16:10 Of righteousness <1343>, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;
    Acts 10:35 But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness <1343>, is accepted with him.
    Acts 13:10 And said, O full of all subtilty and all mischief, thou child of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness <1343>, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?
    Acts 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness <1343> by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.
    Acts 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness <1343>, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season, I will call for thee.
    Romans 1:17 For therein is the righteousness <1343> of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
    Romans 3:5 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness <1343> of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man)
    Romans 3:21 But now the righteousness <1343> of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
    Romans 3:22 Even the righteousness <1343> of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
    Romans 3:25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness <1343> for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
    Romans 3:26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness <1343>: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
    Romans 4:3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness <1343>.
    Romans 4:5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness <1343>.
    Romans 4:6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness <1343> without works,
    Romans 4:9 Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness <1343>.
    Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness <1343> of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness <1343> might be imputed unto them also:
    Romans 4:13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness <1343> of faith.
    Romans 4:22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness <1343>.
    Romans 5:17 For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness <1343> shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
    Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness <1343> unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
    Romans 6:13 Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness <1343> unto God.
    Romans 6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness <1343>?
    Romans 6:18 Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness <1343>.
    Romans 6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness <1343> unto holiness.
    Romans 6:20 For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from righteousness <1343>.
    Romans 8:10 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness <1343>.
    Romans 9:28 For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness <1343>: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.
    Romans 9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness <1343>, have attained to righteousness <1343>, even the righteousness <1343> which is of faith.
    Romans 9:31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness <1343>, hath not attained to the law of righteousness <1343>.
    Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness <1343>, and going about to : establish their own righteousness <1343>, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness <1343> of God.
    Romans 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness <1343> to every one that believeth.
    Romans 10:5 For Moses describeth the righteousness <1343> which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
    Romans 10:6 But the righteousness <1343> which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:)
    Romans 10:10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness <1343>; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
    Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness <1343>, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
    1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness <1343>, and sanctification, and redemption: 2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness <1343> exceed in glory.
    2 Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness <1343> of God in him.
    2 Corinthians 6:7 By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness <1343> on the right hand and on the left,
    2 Corinthians 6:14 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness <1343> with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?
    2 Corinthians 9:9 (As it is written, He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness <1343> remaineth for ever.
    2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness <1343>;)
    2 Corinthians 11:15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness <1343>; whose end shall be according to their works.
    Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness <1343> come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
    Galatians 3:6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness <1343>.
    Galatians 3:21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness <1343> should have been by the law.
    Galatians 5:5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness <1343> by faith.
    Ephesians 4:24 And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness <1343> and true holiness.
    Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness <1343> and truth;)
    Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness <1343>;
    Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness <1343>, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.
    Philippians 3:6 Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness <1343> which is in the law, blameless.
    Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness <1343>, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness <1343> which is of God by faith:
    1 Timothy 6:11 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness <1343>, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
    2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness <1343>, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
    2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness <1343>:
    2 Timothy 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness <1343>, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
    Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness <1343> which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
    Hebrews 1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness <1343>, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
    Hebrews 5:13 For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness <1343>: for he is a babe.
    Hebrews 7:2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness <1343>, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;
    Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness <1343> which is by faith.
    Hebrews 11:33 Who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness <1343>, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,
    Hebrews 12:11 Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness <1343> unto them which are exercised thereby.
    James 1:20 For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness <1343> of God.
    James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness <1343>: and he was called the Friend of God.
    James 3:18 And the fruit of righteousness <1343> is sown in peace of them that make peace.
    1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness <1343>: by whose stripes ye were healed.
    1 Peter 3:14 But and if ye suffer for righteousness’ sake <1343>, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;
    2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness <1343> of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:
    2 Peter 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness <1343>, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;
    2 Peter 2:21 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness <1343>, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.
    2 Peter 3:13 Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness <1343>.
    1 John 2:29 If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness <1343> is born of him.
    1 John 3:7 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness <1343> is righteous, even as he is righteous.
    1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness <1343> is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.
    Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness <1343> he doth judge and make war.
  10. 1343 ~δικαιοσύνη~ dikaiosune \@dik-ah-yos-oo’-nay\@ from 1342; n f AV-righteousness 92; 92
    1) in a broad sense: state of him who is as he ought to be, righteousness, the condition acceptable to God
    1a) the doctrine concerning the way in which man may attain a state approved of God
    1b) integrity, virtue, purity of life, rightness, correctness of thinking, feeling, and acting
    2) in a narrower sense, justice or the virtue which gives each his due
  11. 1342 ~δίκαιος~ dikaios \@dik’-ah-yos\@ from 1349; adj AV-righteous 41, just 33, right 5, meet 2; 81
    1) righteous, observing divine laws
    1a) in a wide sense, upright, righteous, virtuous, keeping the commands of God
    1a1) of those who seem to themselves to be righteous, who pride themselves to be righteous, who pride themselves in their virtues, whether real or imagined
    1a2) innocent, faultless, guiltless
    1a3) used of him whose way of thinking, feeling, and acting is wholly conformed to the will of God, and who therefore needs no rectification in the heart or life
    1a3a) only Christ truly
    1a4) approved of or acceptable of God
    1b) in a narrower sense, rendering to each his due and that in a judicial sense, passing just judgment on others, whether expressed in words or shown by the manner of dealing with them