Difference between revisions of "1 Corinthians 4"

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Latest revision as of 02:38, 12 October 2019

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The Greek words here for "ministers of Christ" actually means the "officers of the King". While, huperetes[1] can mean a minister or a servant it specifically refers to an officer of a magistrate or king. This is also why the ministers are often called "stewards".[2] Which we see also in verse 2.
In verse 4 when Paul speaks of the "Lord come" Is he talking about a "second coming" or the Holy Spirit coming to the individual to bring light of understanding through the "counsels of the hearts"
In verse 8 Paul refers to every man as king of his own actions and house but he makes it clear his choice should be dependent upon the Holy Spirit and each man should not rule one over another. (see verse 6)
Paul says he has transferred[3] in verse 6 using a word that he repeats in 2 Corinthians 11:13,14,and 15 making a distinction between false apostles, Satan, and "ministers of righteousness";
"Whenever the gospel is effectual, it comes not in word only, but also in power, by the Holy Spirit, quickening dead sinners, delivering persons from the slavery of sin and Satan, renewing them both inwardly and outwardly, and comforting, strengthening, and establishing the saints, which cannot be done by the persuasive language of men, but by the power of God." [4]
Paul will speak in 1 Corinthians 5 of "deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh". The world is ruled by a way that is an adversary of The Way of Christ.
What does it mean that it is "required in stewards, that a man be found faithful"?
Why is it mentioned that Christians "labour, working with our own hands:" ?verse 12
Why does Paul talk about Christians having ten thousand instructors in Christ?
Is saying Christ Jesus the same as saying King Jesus?
What is the "filth of the world" mentioned in verse 13?
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1 Corinthians 4
The way of Pure Religion is not the way of Public Religion.

1 ¶ Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers[1] of Christ, and stewards[2] of the mysteries of God. 2 Moreover it is required in stewards,[2] that a man be found faithful. 3 But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged of you, or of man’s judgment: yea, I judge not mine own self. 4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord. 5 Therefore judge nothing before the time[5], until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God. 6 And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and to Apollos for your sakes; that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another.

7 ¶ For who maketh thee to differ from another? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive? now if thou didst receive it, why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not received it? 8 Now ye are full, now ye are rich, ye have reigned as kings without us: and I would to God ye did reign, that we also might reign with you. 9 For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. 10 We are fools for Christ’s sake, but ye are wise in Christ; we are weak, but ye are strong; ye are honourable, but we are despised. 11 Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwellingplace; 12 And labour, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it: 13 Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things unto this day.

14 ¶ I write not these things to shame you, but as my beloved sons I warn you. 15 For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel. 16 Wherefore I beseech you, be ye followers of me.

17 ¶ For this cause have I sent unto you Timotheus, who is my beloved son, and faithful in the Lord, who shall bring you into remembrance of my ways which be in Christ, as I teach every where in every church. 18 Now some are puffed up, as though I would not come to you. 19 But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord will, and will know, not the speech of them which are puffed up, but the power[6]. 20 For the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power.[7] 21 What will ye? shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love, and in the spirit of meekness?


1 Corinthians
1 Corinthians Introduction | 1 Corinthians 1 | 1 Corinthians 2 | 1 Corinthians 3 | 1 Corinthians 4 | 1 Corinthians 5 | 1 Corinthians 6 | 1 Corinthians 7 | 1 Corinthians 8 | 1 Corinthians 9 | 1 Corinthians 10 | 1 Corinthians 11 | 1 Corinthians 12 | 1 Corinthians 13 | 1 Corinthians 14 | 1 Corinthians 15 | 1 Corinthians 16

== Footnotes ==
  1. 1.0 1.1 5257 ~ὑπηρέτης~ huperetes \@hoop-ay-ret’-ace\@ from 5259 and a derivative of eresso (to row); n m AV-officer 11, minister 5, servant 4; 20
    1) servant
    1a) an underrower, subordinate rower
    1b) any one who serves with hands: a servant
    1b1) in the NT of the officers and attendants of magistrates as  —  of the officer who executes penalties
    1b2) of the attendants of a king, servants, retinue, the soldiers of a king, of the attendant of a synagogue
    1b3) of any one ministering or rendering service
    1c) any one who aids another in any work
    1c1) an assistant
    1c2) of the preacher of the gospel
    For Synonyms see entry 5834 & 5928
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 3623 ~οἰκονόμος~ oikonomos \@oy-kon-om’-os\@ from 3624 oikos meaning house and the base of 3551 nomos meaning law; TDNT-5:149,674; {See TDNT 539} n m AV-steward 8, chamberlain 1, governor 1; 10
    1) the manager of household or of household affairs
    1a) esp. a steward, manager, superintendent (whether free-born or as was usually the case, a freed-man or a slave) to whom the head of the house or proprietor has intrusted the management of his affairs, the care of receipts and expenditures, and the duty of dealing out the proper portion to every servant and even to the children not yet of age
    1b) the manager of a farm or landed estate, an overseer
    1c) the superintendent of the city’s finances, the treasurer of a city (or of treasurers or quaestors of kings)
    2) metaph. the apostles and other Christian teachers and bishops and overseers
  3. 3345 ~μετασχηματίζω~ metaschematizo \@met-askh-ay-mat-id’-zo\@ from 3326 and a derivative of 4976; TDNT-7:957,1129; {See TDNT 777} v AV-transform 2, transfer in a figure 1, transform (one’s) self 1, change 1; 5
    1) to change the figure of, to transform
  4. Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary
  5. 2540 ~καιρός~ kairos \@kahee-ros’\@ of uncertain affinity; TDNT-3:455,389; {See TDNT 348} n m AV-time 64, season 13, opportunity 2, due time 2, always + 1722 + 3956 2, not tr 1, misc 3; 87
    1) due measure
    2) a measure of time, a larger or smaller portion of time, hence:
    2a) a fixed and definite time, the time when things are brought to crisis, the decisive epoch waited for
    2b) opportune or seasonable time
    2c) the right time
    2d) a limited period of time
    2e) to what time brings, the state of the times, the things and events of time
  6. 1411 ~δύναμις~ dunamis \@doo’-nam-is\@ from 1410 meaning to be able; TDNT-2:284,186; {See TDNT 201} n f AV-power 77, mighty work 11, strength 7, miracle 7, might 4, virtue 3, mighty 2, misc 9; 120
    1) strength power, ability
    1a) inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth
    1b) power for performing miracles
    1c) moral power and excellence of soul
    1d) the power and influence which belong to riches and wealth
    1e) power and resources arising from numbers
    1f) power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts
    For Synonyms see entry 5820
  7. 1411 ~δύναμις~ dunamis \@doo’-nam-is\@ from 1410 meaning to be able; TDNT-2:284,186; {See TDNT 201} n f AV-power 77, mighty work 11, strength 7, miracle 7, might 4, virtue 3, mighty 2, misc 9; 120
    1) strength power, ability
    1a) inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth
    1b) power for performing miracles
    1c) moral power and excellence of soul
    1d) the power and influence which belong to riches and wealth
    1e) power and resources arising from numbers
    1f) power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts
    For Synonyms see entry 5820


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