Householder

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We see the word householder appear 4 times in the Bible [KJV]. It is a translation of the word oikodespotes[1] meaning a ruler of a house.

That Greek word is not always translated householder and actually appears a dozen times[2] and is translated householde, and goodman of the house four times each. It is also transalted master of the house three times and in Luke 22:11 it appears as just goodman.

In Luke 22:11 where "of the house" is put separately we also see that the goodman [oikodespotes] is of the house [oikia]. The term denotes someone who might be the bet servant of a house, being master over all the servants but still subject to the master. The word oikodespotes is from two words. The first is oikos [3] meaning house and despotes [4] meaning a master or lord.

It should not be confused with an elder. An elder may be the oikodespotes but he may not. In large estate a servant would by the head of a house.


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Footnotes

  1. 3617 ~οἰκοδεσπότης~ oikodespotes \@oy-kod-es-pot’-ace\@ from 3624 and 1203; n m AV-householder 4, goodman of the house 4, master of the house 3, goodman 1; 12 1) master of the house, householder
  2. Matthew 20:11 And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house <3617>,
    Matthew 21:33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder <3617>, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:
    Matthew 24:43 But know this, that if the goodman of the house <3617> had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up.
    Mark 14:14 And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house <3617>, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?
    Luke 12:39 And this know, that if the goodman of the house <3617> had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through.
    Luke 13:25 When once the master of the house <3617> is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us; and he shall answer and say unto you, I know you not whence ye are:
    Luke 14:21 So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house <3617> being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.
    Luke 22:11 And ye shall say unto the goodman <3617> of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?
  3. 3624 ~οἶκος~ oikos \@oy’-kos\@ of uncertain affinity; n m AV-house 104, household 3, home + 1519 2, at home + 1722 2, misc 3; 114
    1) a house
    1a) an inhabited house, home
    1b) any building whatever
    1b1) of a palace
    1b2) the house of God, the tabernacle
    1c) any dwelling place
    1c1) of the human body as the abode of demons that possess it
    1c2) of tents, and huts, and later, of the nests, stalls, lairs,of animals
    1c3) the place where one has fixed his residence, one’s settled abode, domicile
    2) the inmates of a house, all the persons forming one family, a household
    2a) the family of God, of the Christian Church, of the church of the Old and New Testaments
    3) stock, family, descendants of one
  4. 1203 ~δεσπότης~ despotes \@des-pot’-ace\@ perhaps from 1210 and posis (a husband); n m AV-Lord 5, master 5; 10 1) a master, Lord For Synonyms see entry 5830


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