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The common noun for dead or death is maveth [1] and consists of three Hebrew letters MemVavTav. Mem is the letter for flow while Tav is the letter for faith with a Vav connecting or dividing those two ideas. Someone without faith is cut off from the flow of life.

The verb for die is the same three letters[2]

In the Greek text we several words translated dead including nekros[3] and apothnesko[4]

There is also teleutao[5] which can mean to die or be dead or simply decrease or finish.

The word thano [6] also means be dead or die but can mean in spiritually dead.

In the Bible we see Jesus use the term nekros in:

  • Matthew 8:22 But Jesus said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead.
  • Luke 9:60 Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God.

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  1. 04194 ^תומ^ maveth \@maw’- veth\@ from 04191; n m; AV-death 128, die 22, dead 8, deadly 1, slay 1; 160 1) death, dying, Death (personified), realm of the dead 1a) death 1b) death by violence (as a penalty) 1c) state of death, place of death
  2. 04191 ^תומ^ muwth \@mooth\@ a primitive root; v; AV-die 424, dead 130, slay 100, death 83, surely 50, kill 31, dead man 3, dead body 2, in no wise 2, misc 10; 835
    1) to die, kill, have one executed
    1a) (Qal) 1a1) to die 1a2) to die (as penalty), be put to death 1a3) to die, perish (of a nation) 1a4) to die prematurely (by neglect of wise moral conduct)
    1b) (Polel) to kill, put to death, dispatch
    1c) (Hiphil) to kill, put to death
    1d) (Hophal) 1d1) to be killed, be put to death 1d1a) to die prematurely
  3. 3498 ~νεκρός~ nekros \@nek-ros’\@ from an apparently primary nekus (a corpse); adj AV-dead 132; 132 : 1) properly 1a) one that has breathed his last, lifeless 1b) deceased, departed, one whose soul is in heaven or hell 1c) destitute of life, without life, inanimate
    2) metaph. 2a) spiritually dead 2a1) destitute of a life that recognises and is devoted to God, because given up to trespasses and sins 2a2) inactive as respects doing right 2b) destitute of force or power, inactive, inoperative
  4. 599 ~ἀποθνήσκω~ apothnesko \@ap-oth-nace’-ko\@ from 575 and 2348; v AV-die 98, be dead 29, be at the point of death + 3195 1, perish 1, lie a dying 1, be slain + 5408 1, vr dead 1; 112 1) to die 1a) of the natural death of man 1b) of the violent death of man or animals 1c) to perish by means of something 1d) of trees which dry up, of seeds which rot when planted 1e) of eternal death, to be subject to eternal misery in hell
  5. 5053 ~τελευτάω~ teleutao \@tel-yoo-tah’-o\@ from a presumed derivative of 5055; ; v AV-die 8, be dead 3, decrease 1; 12 1) to finish, bring to and end, close 2) to have an end or close, come to an end
  6. 2348 ~θνήσκω~ thnesko \@thnay’-sko\@ a strengthened form of a simpler primary ~θανω~ thano \@than’-o\@ (which is used for it only in certain tenses); v AV-be dead 10, die 1, dead man 1, dead 1; 13 1) to die, to be dead 2) metaph. to be spiritually dead