Difference between revisions of "Logic"

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A lot of the problems with convincing people on Facebook or out in the real world is due to false or faulty logic also called Fallacies.


Fallacies

A fallacy is a particular type of error in deductive and inductive arguments. We may expand the term to include categories of errors in reasoning or persuasive techniques (rhetoric) that lead to untrustworthy, unsound, and improbable conclusions.

A Formal Fallacy is where facts are sequenced incorrectly or missing or false facts are inserted to take the place of the truth. It is an error of logic: the conclusion is not supported by the premises. Either the premises are untrue or the argument is invalid for lack of logical form. The form of the argument is wrong or missing a truthful premise, rendering the argument as nonsense.

An Informal Fallacy denotes an error in what you are saying, that is, the content of your argument. The ideas might be arranged correctly, but something you said isn’t quite right. The content of th argument is wrong or out of place.

Following is a list of informal fallacies that are most commonly encountered in discussion and debate.

  • Ad Hominem
  • Strawman Argument
  • Appeal to Ignorance
  • False Dilemma
  • Slippery Slope Fallacy
  • Circular Argument
  • Hasty Generalization
  • Red Herring Fallacy
  • Tu Quoque
  • Causal Fallacy
  • Fallacy of Sunk Costs
  • Appeal to Authority
  • Equivocation
  • Appeal to Pity
  • Bandwagon Fallacy