Jude 1

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In the short epistle Jude professed the doctrines of Jesus and urged us to do the same with stern warnings concerning our spots that come from our dependence upon the welfare systems of the world and its covetous practices rather than the practice of pure Religion.

The Epistle of Jude is a single chapter of 25 verses. It was an encyclical letter intended to be circulated and read in all churches dated between 70 and 90 AD.

Jude urges us to defend Christ's doctrine which is the Doctrines of Jesus and to remember the words and warnings of the apostles. His words are similar to the second epistle of Peter.

He warns of mockers and those ungodly souls who lust.

Jude speaks of how the Lord saved his people out of the land of Egypt, but also destroyed those who failed to believe like the fallen angels.

Jude quotes the Book of Enoch, part of the scripture of the Ethiopian and Eritrean churches but rejected by other churches. and about Satan and Michael quarreling over the body of Moses.


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Jude 1

Comments and Study
The "error of Balaam for reward," is the error of the Nicolaitans whose deeds God hates. They are the people conquered by their own covetous practices and made merchandise and curse children by making them a surety for debt.
It is the desire for the wages of unrighteousness that cultivates the selfish heart.
This is what the modern Christian has done in order to return to the bondage of Egypt. Because they were willing to have one purse and were greedy for gain at the expense of others.
Because they were willing to sit at the table of rulers and ate with great appetite they are snared by his "dainties: for they are deceitful meat".
They, their parents and grandparents consented to the Benefactors who exercise authority one over the other to get benefits like social security, eating at a table that was supposed to be for their welfare but was actually a snare.
They pray daily to the Fathers of the earth, not to their Father in Heaven nor His ordained saints for their daily bread, the daily ministration of His Church.
The "feasts of charity" of the modern Church are not the Pure Religion of the early Church but are more like the Corban of the Pharisees which is the error of the Nicolaitans.
Questions
Written before or after Peter.
Verses 14–15 may contain direct quotations from 1 Enoch 1:9 the book "Enoch, the seventh from Adam" is also sourced from 1 En. 60:1. Others think it more likely an expansion of the words of Moses from Deuteronomy 33:2.
The full identity of Jude is continuously debated but what is not debated is his scholarship. Since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, there is little doubt the author of the Epistle of Jude was familiar with the Book of Enoch and was influenced by it or copies of it or similar writings.
Verse 25 our God is not the gods of Rome but is our Lord and sovereign who has dominion[1] through His government if we will seek His righteousness according to the perfect law of liberty and the power to choose[2] granted us by His grace in the present tense.
1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, and called:
2 Mercy unto you, and peace, and love, be multiplied.
3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.
4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained[3] to this condemnation[4], ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness[5], and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.
6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.
7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication[6], and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
8 Likewise also these filthy dreamers[7] defile the flesh, despise dominion[8], and speak evil of dignities[9].[10]
9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.
10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute[11] beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.[12]
11 Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.
12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;
13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.
17 But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;
18 How that they told you there should be mockers[13] in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.
19 These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.
20 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost,
21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
22 And of some have compassion, making a difference:
23 And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.
24 Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,
25 To the only wise[14] God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion[1] and power,[2] both now and ever. Amen.




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Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 2904 ~κράτος~ kratos \@krat’-os\@ perhaps a primary word; TDNT-3:905,466; {See TDNT 410} n n AV-power 6, dominion 4, strength 1, mighty + 2596 1; 12
    1) force, strength
    2) power, might: mighty with great power
    2a) a mighty deed, a work of power
    3) dominion
    For Synonyms see entry 5820
  2. 2.0 2.1 1849 ~ἐξουσία~ exousia \@ex-oo-see’-ah\@ from 1832 (in the sense of ability); n f AV-power 69, authority 29, right 2, liberty 1, jurisdiction 1, strength 1; 103 See Romans 13
    1) power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases
    1a) leave or permission
    2) physical and mental power
    2a) the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises
    3) the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege)
    4) the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed)
    4a) universally
    4a1) authority over mankind
    4b) specifically
    4b1) the power of judicial decisions
    4b2) of authority to manage domestic affairs
    4c) metonymically
    4c1) a thing subject to authority or rule
    4c1a) jurisdiction
    4c2) one who possesses authority
    4c2a) a ruler, a human magistrate
    4c2b) the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates
    4d) a sign of the husband’s authority over his wife
    4d1) the veil with which propriety required a women to cover herself
    4e) the sign of regal authority, a crown
    For Synonyms see entry 5820
  3. 4270 ~προγράφω~ prographo \@prog-raf’-o\@ from 4253 and 1125; TDNT-1:770,128; {See TDNT 164} v AV-write 1, write aforetime 1, write afore 1, evidently set forth 1, before ordain 1; 5
    1) to write before (of time)
    1a) of old set forth or designated before hand (in the scriptures of the OT)
    2) to depict or portray openly
    2a) to write before the eyes of all who can read
    2b) to depict, portray, paint, before the eyes
  4. 2917 ~κρίμα~ krima \@kree’-mah\@ from 2919; n n AV-judgment 13, damnation 7, condemnation 5, be condemned 1, go to law + 2192 1, avenge + 2919 1; 28
    1) a decree, judgments
    2) judgment
    2a) condemnation of wrong, the decision (whether severe or mild) which one passes on the faults of others
    2b) in a forensic sense
    2b1) the sentence of a judge
    2b2) the punishment with which one is sentenced
    2b3) condemnatory sentence, penal judgment, sentence
    3) a matter to be judicially decided, a lawsuit, a case in court
  5. 766 ~ἀσέλγεια~ aselgeia \@as-elg’-i-a\@ from a compound of 1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed selges (of uncertain derivation, but apparently meaning continent); TDNT-1:490,83; {See TDNT 103} n f AV-lasciviousness 6, wantonness 2, filthy 1; 9
    1) unbridled lust, excess, licentiousness, lasciviousness, wantonness, outrageousness, shamelessness, insolence. For Synonyms see entry 5891
  6. 1608 ~ἐκπορνεύω~ ekporneuo \@ek-porn-yoo’-o\@ from 1537 and 4203; TDNT-6:579,918; {See TDNT 654} v AV-give (one’s) self over to fornication 1; 1
    1) to go a whoring, "give one’s self over to fornication"
  7. 1797 ~ἐνυπνιάζομαι~ enupniazomai \@en-oop-nee-ad’-zom-ahee\@ middle voice from 1798 dream; TDNT-8:545,1233; {See TDNT 817} v AV-dream 1, filthy dreamer 1; 2
    1) to dream (divinely suggested) dreams
    2) metaph., to be beguiled with sensual images and carried away to an impious course of conduct
  8. 2963 ~κυριότης~ kuriotes \@koo-ree-ot’-ace\@ from 2962; TDNT-3:1096,486; {See TDNT 418} n f AV-dominion 3, government 1; 4
    1) dominion, power, lordship
    2) in the NT: one who possesses dominion
  9. 1391 ~δόξα~ doxa \@dox’-ah\@ from the base of 1380 (think); TDNT-2:233,178; {See TDNT 197} n f AV-glory 145, glorious 10, honour 6, praise 4, dignity 2, worship 1; 168
    1) opinion, judgment, view
    2) opinion, estimate, whether good or bad concerning someone
    2a) in the NT always a good opinion concerning one, resulting in praise, honour, and glory
    3) splendour, brightness
    3a) of the moon, sun, stars
    3b) magnificence, excellence, preeminence, dignity, grace
    3c) majesty
    3c1) a thing belonging to God, the kingly majesty which belongs to him as supreme ruler, majesty in the sense of the absolute perfection of the deity
    3c2) a thing belonging to Christ
    3c2a) the kingly majesty of the Messiah
    3c2b) the absolutely perfect inward or personal excellency of Christ; the majesty
    3c3) of the angels
    3c3a) as apparent in their exterior brightness
    4) a most glorious condition, most exalted state
    4a) of that condition with God the Father in heaven to which Christ was raised after he had achieved his work on earth
    4b) the glorious condition of blessedness into which is appointed and promised that true Christians shall enter after their Saviour’s return from heaven
    Doxa is a Greek word meaning common belief or popular opinion. Used by the Greek rhetoricians as a tool for the formation of argument by using common opinions, the doxa was often manipulated by sophists to persuade the people. The word doxa picked up a new meaning between the 3rd and 1st centuries BC when the Septuagint translated the Hebrew word for "glory" (כבוד, kavod) as doxa.
  10. 2 Peter 2:10 ¶ But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government[ is translated "despise dominion" in Jude 8]. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities[translated glory.
  11. 249 ~ἄλογος~ alogos \@al’-og-os\@ from 1 (as a negative particle) and 3056; TDNT-4:141,505; {See TDNT 431} adj AV-brute 2, unreasonable 1; 3
    1) destitute of reason
    2) contrary to reason, absurd
  12. 2 Peter 2:12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;
  13. 1703 ~ἐμπαίκτης~ empaiktes \@emp-aheek-tace’\@ from 1702; TDNT-5:635,758; {See TDNT 580} n m AV-mockers 1, scoffers 1; 2
    1) a mocker, a scoffer
    • 2 Peter 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers <1703>, walking after their own lusts,
    • Jude 1:18 How that they told you there should be mockers <1703> in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts.
  14. 4680 ~σοφός~ sophos \@sof-os’\@ akin to saphes (clear); TDNT-7:465,1056; {See TDNT 731} adj AV-wise 22; 22
    1) wise
    1a) skilled, expert: of artificers
    1b) wise, skilled in letters, cultivated, learned
    1b1) of the Greek philosophers and orators
    1b2) of Jewish theologians
    1b3) of Christian teachers
    1c) forming the best plans and using the best means for their execution. For Synonyms see entry 5872