Titus 2

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Titus 2

Sound in verse 1 is from the word hugiaino[1] means whole and healthy or wholesome. So sound doctrine includes teachings for the living[2] so that they may be whole and healthy in the world at hand.
The same instruction is found in Timothy and Titus 1[3]
The Greek word for aged men is presbutes [4] from presbuteros[5] normally translated elder. All these characteristics are about members of families which must remain whole and healthy.
Think about the phrase "a pattern of good works". Pattern is from a Greek word tupos meaning " the mark of a stroke or blow".[6]
In verse 15 the word authority is from epitage[7] meaning an "an injunction, mandate, command" from epitasso "to enjoin upon, order, command, charge." It is a term normally reserved for the commandments of God[8]

1 ¶ But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:
2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.
3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;
4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,
5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.
7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.
9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again;
10 Not purloining[9], but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.
11 ¶ For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts[10], we should live soberly, righteously[11], and godly, in this present world;
13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
15 ¶ These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

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  1. 5198 ~ὑγιαίνω~ hugiaino \@hoog-ee-ah’-ee-no\@ from 5199; TDNT-8:308,1202; {See TDNT 804} v AV-sound 6, be sound 1, be whole 1, whole 1, wholesome 1, be in health 1, safe and sound 1; 12
    1) to be sound, to be well, to be in good health
    2) metaph.
    2a) of Christians whose opinions are free from any mixture of error
    2b) of one who keeps the graces and is strong
  2. Luke 20:38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
  3. 1 Timothy 1:10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
    2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
    Titus 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
  4. 4246 ~πρεσβύτης~ presbutes \@pres-boo’-tace\@ from the same as 4245; n m AV-old man 1, aged man 1, aged 1; 3
    1) an old man, an aged man
    2) ambassador
  5. 4245 ~πρεσβύτερος~ presbuteros \@pres-boo’-ter-os\@ comparative of presbus (elderly); adj AV-elder 64, old man 1, eldest 1, elder woman 1; 67
    1) elder, of age,
    1a) the elder of two people
    1b) advanced in life, an elder, a senior 1b1) forefathers
    2) a term of rank or office
    2a) among the Jews
    2a1) members of the great council or Sanhedrin (because in early times the rulers of the people, judges, etc., were selected from elderly men)
    2a2) of those who in separate cities managed public affairs and administered justice
    2b) among the Christians, those who presided over the assemblies; (or churches) the NT uses the term bishop, overseers, 1985 pastors, 4166 elders, and presbyters 4245 interchangeably {#Ac 20:17,28 Eph 4:11 Tit 1:5,7 1Pe 5:1-4 etc.}
    2c) the twenty four members of the heavenly Sanhedrin or court seated on thrones around the throne of God
  6. 5179 ~τύπος~ tupos \@too’-pos\@ from 5180; TDNT-8:246,1193; {See TDNT 800} n m AV-ensample 5, print 2, figure 2, example 2, pattern 2, fashion 1, manner 1, form 1; 16
    1) the mark of a stroke or blow, print
    2) a figure formed by a blow or impression
    2a) of a figure or image
    2b) of the image of the gods
    3) form
    3a) the teaching which embodies the sum and substance of religion and represents it to the mind, manner of writing, the contents and form of a letter
    4) an example
    4a) in the technical sense, the pattern in conformity to which a thing must be made
    4b) in an ethical sense, a dissuasive example, a pattern of warning
    4b1) of ruinous events which serve as admonitions or warnings to others
    4c) an example to be imitated
    4c1) of men worthy of imitation
    4d) in a doctrinal sense
    4d1) of a type i.e. a person or thing prefiguring a future (Messianic) person or thing
    For Synonyms see entry 5919
  7. 2003 ~ἐπιταγή~ epitage \@ep-ee-tag-ay’\@ from 2004; TDNT-8:36,1156; {See TDNT 784} n f AV-commandment 6, authority 1; 7
    1) an injunction, mandate, command
  8. Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment <2003> of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
    1 Corinthians 7:6 But I speak this by permission, and not of commandment <2003>.
    1 Corinthians 7:25 Now concerning virgins I have no commandment <2003> of the Lord: yet I give my judgment, as one that hath obtained mercy of the Lord to be faithful.
    2 Corinthians 8:8 I speak not by commandment <2003>, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love.
    1 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment <2003> of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;
    Titus 1:3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment <2003> of God our Saviour;
  9. 3557 ~νοσφίζομαι~ nosphizomai \@nos-fid’-zom-ahee\@ middle voice from nosphi (apart or clandestinely); ; v AV-keep back 2, purloin 1; 3
    1) to set apart, separate, divide
    2) to set apart or separate for one’s self
    3) to purloin, embezzle, withdraw covertly and appropriate to one’s own use
  10. 2886 ~κοσμικός~ kosmikos \@kos-mee-kos’\@ from 2889 (in its secondary sense); TDNT-3:897,459; {See TDNT 407} adj AV-worldly 2; 2
    1) of or belonging to the world
    1a) relating to the universe
    1b) earthly
    1c) worldly, i.e. having the character of this present corrupt kosmizo
  11. 1346 ~δικαίως~ dikaios \@dik-ah’-yoce\@ from 1342; ; adv AV-justly 2, righteously 2, to righteousness 1; 5
    1) just, agreeably to right
    2) properly, as is right
    3) uprightly, agreeable to the law of rectitude