Meats

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Proverbs 23:6 Eat thou not the bread of [him that hath] an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainty meats[1]:

Proverbs 23:3 Be not desirous of his dainties<04303>[1]: for they [are] deceitful meat[2].

In this verse 3 the word for dainties<04303>[1] is MemTetAyinMem but is written LamedMemTetAyinMemVavTavYodVav לְמַטְעַמּוֹתָ֑יו . It also appears in verse 6 but without the first Vav. They are called deceitful[3] meat[2].

Mark 7:19 Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats[4]?

20 And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man. 21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil[5] thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, 22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye[6], blasphemy, pride, foolishness: 23 All these evil[6] things come from within, and defile the man.

Mark 16:14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat[7], and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.

Luke 3:11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat,[4] let him do likewise.

Luke 7:36 And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would eat with him. And he went into the Pharisee’s house, and sat down to meat.


Acts 15:29 That ye abstain from meats[4] offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well.

1 Corinthians 6:13 Meats[4] for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy both it and them. Now the body [is] not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body.

1 Timothy 4:3 Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats[4], which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.

Hebrews 9:10 [Which stood] only in meats[4] and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.

Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats[4], which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.


Word study

The word meat appears some 281 times in the Bible

Hebrew words for meat

0398 ^לכא^ ‘akal \@aw-Kal’\@ a primitive root AlefKafLamed; v; {See TWOT on 85} AV-eat 604, devour 111, consume 32, misc 55; 810

1) to eat, devour, burn up, feed
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to eat (human subject)
1a2) to eat, devour (of beasts and birds)
1a3) to devour, consume (of fire)
1a4) to devour, slay (of sword)
1a5) to devour, consume, destroy (inanimate subjects i.e., pestilence, drought)
1a6) to devour (of oppression)
1b) (Niphal)
1b1) to be eaten (by men)
1b2) to be devoured, consumed (of fire)
1b3) to be wasted, destroyed (of flesh)
1c) (Pual)
1c1) to cause to eat, feed with
1c2) to cause to devour
1d) (Hiphil)
1d1) to feed
1d2) to cause to eat
1e) (Piel)
1e1) consume

0400 ^לכא^ ‘okel \@o’- kel\@ from 0398; n m; {See TWOT on 85 @@ "85a"} AV- meat 18, food 16, eating 4, victuals 3, prey 2, mealtime + 06256 1; 44

1) food
1a) cereal
1b) meat
2) food supply
3) meal, dinner

0402 ^הלכא^ ‘oklah \@ok-law’\@ from 0401; n f; {See TWOT on 85 @@ "85b"} AV-meat 8, devour 3, fuel 3, eat 2, consume 1, food 1; 18

1) food
1a) food, eating
1b) object of devouring, consuming
1b1) by wild beasts (figurative)
1b2) in fire
1b3) of judgment (figurative)

01279 ^הירב^ biryah \@beer-yaw’\@ from 01262; n f; {See TWOT on 281 @@ "281a"} AV-meat 3; 3 1) food

03899 ^םחל^ lechem \@lekh’- em\@ LamedChetMem from 03898; n m; {See TWOT on 1105 @@ "1105a"} AV-bread 237, food 21, meat 18, shewbread + 06440 5, loaves 5, shewbread + 04635 3, shewbread 2, victuals 2, eat 1, feast 1, fruit 1, provision 1; 297

1) bread, food, grain
1a) bread
1a1) bread
1a2) bread-corn
1b) food (in general)
  • ל Lamed means Aspiration of the Heart or to learn or even direct like a shepherd. It has to do with what the Hand produces, [hand is די YodDalet] or directs with staff, whip... like the tongue may direct. 30
  • ח Chet The Life Force - Dynamic nature of -cause and effect- give life and live.[fence, thread, hedge, chamber...cycle] 8
  • מ ם Mem Fountain of water a fountain of the Divine Wisdom [massive, overpower chaos] 40

03978 ^לכאמ^ ma’akal \@mah-ak-awl’\@ from 0398; n m; {See TWOT on 85 @@ "85d"} AV-meat 22, food 5, fruit 1, manner 1, victual 1; 30

1) food, fruit, meat

04202 ^ןוזמ^ mazown \@maw-zone’\@ from 02109; n m; AV-meat 1, victuals 1; 2

1) food, sustenance

04503 ^החנמ^ minchah \@min-khaw’\@ MemNunChetHey from an unused root meaning to apportion, i.e. bestow; n f; {See TWOT on 1214 @@ "1214a"} AV-offering 164, present 28, gift 7, oblation 6, sacrifice 5, meat 1; 211

1) gift, tribute, offering, present, oblation, sacrifice, meat offering
1a) gift, present
1b) tribute
1c) offering (to God)
1d) grain offering
  • מ ם Mem Fountain of water a fountain of the Divine Wisdom [massive, overpower chaos] 40
  • נ ן Nun Heir to the Throne, Aramaic fish in the Mem (fish in flowing waters) or in the Hebrew the Nun may mean the kingdom. [fish moving... Activity life] 50
  • ח Chet The Life Force - Dynamic nature of -cause and effect- give life and live.[fence, thread, hedge, chamber...cycle] 8
  • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5

06595 ^תפ^ path \@path\@ from 06626 see 06596; n f; AV-morsel 9, piece 5, meat 1; 15

1) fragment, bit, morsel (of bread), piece

06598 ^גבתפ^ pathbag \@pathbag’\@ of Persian origin; n m; {See TWOT on 1851} AV-portion of meat 4, meat 2; 6 1) portion of food for king, delicacies


Greek

345 ~ἀνακεῖμαι~ anakeimai \@an-ak-i’-mahee\@ from 303 and 2749; TDNT-3:654,425; {See TDNT 378} v AV-sit at meat 5, guests 2, sit 2, sit down 1, be set down 1, lie 1, lean 1, at the table 1; 14

1) to lie at a table, eat together, dine

377 ~ἀναπίπτω~ anapipto \@an-ap-ip’-to\@ from 303 and 4098; ; v AV-sit down 7, sit down to meat 2, be set down 1, lean 1; 11

1) to lie back, lie down
2) to recline at a table, to sit back
1034 ~βρώσιμος~ brosimos \@bro’-sim-os\@ from 1035; ; adj AV-meat 1; 1
1) eatable
1035 ~βρῶσις~ brosis \@bro’-sis\@ from the base of 977 to eat bibrosko; TDNT-1:642,111; {See TDNT 147} n f AV-meat 6, rust 2, morsel of meat 1, eating 1, food 1; 11
1) act of eating
1a) in a wider sense, corrosion
2) that which is eaten, food, ailment
2a) of the soul’s food, either which refreshes the soul, or nourishes and supports it

2621 ~κατάκειμαι~ katakeimai \@kat-ak’-i-mahee\@ from 2596 and 2749; TDNT-3:655,425; {See TDNT 378} v AV-lie 6, sit at meat 3, keep 1, sat down + 2258 1; 11

1) to have lain down, i.e. to lie prostrate
1a) of the sick
1b) of those at meals, to recline

4371 ~προσφάγιον~ prosphagion \@pros-fag’-ee-on\@ from a presumed derivative of a compound of 4314 and 5315; ; n n AV-meat 1; 1

1) anything eaten with bread
1a) spoken of fish boiled or broiled

4620 σιτόμετρον sitometron sit-om’-et-ron from 4621 wheat or grain and 3358 measure; ; n n AV-portion of meat 1; 1

1) a measured ‘portion of’ grain or ‘food’

4873 ~συνανάκειμαι~ sunanakeimai \@soon-an-ak’-i-mahee\@ from 4862 and 345; TDNT-3:654,425; {See TDNT 378} v AV-sit at meat with 4, sit with 2, sit together with 1, sit down with 1, sit at table with 1; 9

1) to recline together, feast together
1a) of guests

5160 ~τροφή~ trophe \@trof-ay’\@ from 5142; ; n f AV-meat 11, food 2, some meat 2, not tr 1; 16

1) food, nourishment

5315 ~φάγω~ phago \@fag’-o\@ a primary verb (used as an alternate of 2068 in certain tenses); ; v AV-eat 94, meat 3; 97

1) to eat
2) to eat (consume) a thing
2a) to take food, eat a meal
2b) metaph. to devour, consume



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Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 04303 ^םעטמ^ mat‘am \@mat-am’\@ or (fem.) ^המעטמ^ mat‘ammah \@mat-am-maw’\@ or (plural) MemTetAyinMem ^םימעטמ^ from 02938 TetAyinMem; n m; {See TWOT on 815 @@ "815b"} AV-savory meat 6, dainty 2; 8
    1) tasty or savory food, delectable food, dainties
  2. 2.0 2.1 03899 ^םחל^ lechem \@lekh’- em\@ LamedChetMem from 03898; n m; {See TWOT on 1105 @@ "1105a"} AV-bread 237, food 21, meat 18, shewbread + 06440 5, loaves 5, shewbread + 04635 3, shewbread 2, victuals 2, eat 1, feast 1, fruit 1, provision 1; 297
    1) bread, food, grain
    1a) bread
    1a1) bread
    1a2) bread-corn
    1b) food (in general)
    • ל Lamed means Aspiration of the Heart or to learn or even direct like a shepherd. It has to do with what the Hand produces, [hand is די YodDalet] or directs with staff, whip... like the tongue may direct. 30
    • ח Chet The Life Force - Dynamic nature of -cause and effect- give life and live.[fence, thread, hedge, chamber...cycle] 8
    • מ ם Mem Fountain of water a fountain of the Divine Wisdom [massive, overpower chaos] 40
  3. 03577 כָּזָב‎ kazab [kaw-zawb’] KafZayinBeit from 03576; n m; [BDB-469b] [{See TWOT on 970 @@ "970a" }] AV-lie 23, lying 2, leasing 2, deceitful 1, false 1, liar 1, lies + 01697 1; 31
    1) a lie, untruth, falsehood, deceptive thing
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 1033 ~βρῶμα~ broma \@bro’-mah\@ from the base of 977; TDNT-1:642,111; {See TDNT 147} n n AV-meat 16, victual 1; 17
    1) that which is eaten, food
    • It is also a shipworm (Teredo navalis) that bores into wooden piers, ships, etc. and in (dentistry) it can mean a cavity.
  5. 2556 ~κακός~ kakos \@kak-os’\@ apparently a primary word; TDNT-3:469,391; {See TDNT 351} adj AV-evil 40, evil things 3, harm 2, that which is evil + 3458 2, wicked 1, ill 1, bad 1, noisome 1; 51
    1) of a bad nature
    1a) not such as it ought to be
    2) of a mode of thinking, feeling, acting
    2a) base, wrong, wicked
    3) troublesome, injurious, pernicious, destructive, baneful
    For Synonyms see entry 5908
  6. 6.0 6.1 4190 ~πονηρός~ poneros \@pon-ay-ros’\@ from a derivative of 4192; adj AV-evil 51, wicked 10, wicked one 6, evil things 2, misc 7; 76
    1) full of labours, annoyances, hardships
    1a) pressed and harassed by labours
    1b) bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble
    2) bad, of a bad nature or condition
    2a) in a physical sense: diseased or blind
    2b) in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad
    For Synonyms see entry 5908
    ++++ The word is used in the nominative case in #Mt 6:13. This usually denotes a title in the Greek. Hence Christ is saying, deliver us from "The Evil," and is probably referring to Satan the adversary of The Way of God.
  7. 345 ~ἀνακεῖμαι~ anakeimai \@an-ak-i’-mahee\@ from 303 and 2749; TDNT-3:654,425; {See TDNT 378} v AV-sit at meat 5, guests 2, sit 2, sit down 1, be set down 1, lie 1, lean 1, at the table 1; 14
    1) to lie at a table, eat together, dine