Malachi 1

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Malachi, a Levite "messenger of YHWH".

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1 The burden[1] of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi. 2 I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, 3 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness. 4 Whereas Edom saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever. 5 And your eyes shall see, and ye shall say, The LORD will be magnified from the border of Israel.



Comments
Verse 1 includes the word massa’ is from 05375 נָשָׂא‎ NunShinAlef means to lift, bear up, carry, take. The term massa’ is translated burden 57 times but also exaction, carry away, and even tribute.
We know that there is a burden to the word of the law,[2]
Verse 10 is not talking about actual fire when it says "kindle fire on mine altar" because the altars was not about burning things up.
The Sacrifices on the Altars of Clay and Stone were an allegory describing a social structure through freewill sacrifice to bind society through the practice of faith, hope and charity according to the perfect law of liberty through Practice of Pure Religion.
If altars are not just piles of dead stone upon which we were to incinerate dead sheep then neither is kindle fire about burning stuff up.
God will not accept an offering [3] at your hand not freely given.
They had profaned[4] and polluted[5]
Why? Because "ye brought [6] that which was torn [7]". The first place in the Bible we see the Hebrew word translated "torn"[8] is in Genesis 21:25 "violently taken away" and Genesis 31:31 "take by force".
The terms lame[9] and sick[10] which we also see in verse 9 as "beseech" and really means, with the word lame, the weak or those compromised.
[1]

6 A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name? 7 Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have we polluted thee? In that ye say, The table of the LORD is contemptible.[11] 8 And if ye offer the blind[12] for sacrifice, is it not evil? and if ye offer the lame and sick, is it not evil? offer it now unto thy governor; will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy person? saith the LORD of hosts. 9 And now, I pray you, beseech[10] God that he will be gracious unto us: this hath been by your means: will he regard your persons?[13] saith the LORD of hosts. 10 Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nought? neither do ye kindle fire on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering[3] at your hand. 11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered[14] unto my name, and a pure[15] offering:[3] for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts. 12 But ye have profaned[4] it, in that ye say, The table of the LORD is polluted;[5] and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible. 13 Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought that which was torn[7], and the lame,[9] and the sick;[10] thus ye brought an offering:[3] should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD. 14 But cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock[16] a male[17], and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen.



Malachi | Malachi 1 | Malachi 2 | Malachi 3 | Malachi 4

Preceded by: Zechariah - Followed by: Matthew






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Footnotes

  1. 04853 מַשָּׂא‎ massa’ [mas-saw’] from 05375 נָשָׂא‎ nasa’ to lift or bear up; n m; [BDB-601b, BDB-672b] [{See TWOT on 1421 @@ "1421d" }] [{See TWOT on 1421 @@ "1421e" }] AV-burden 57, song 3, prophecy 2, set 1, exaction 1, carry away 1, tribute 1; 66
    1) load, bearing, tribute, burden, lifting
    1a) load, burden
    1b) lifting, uplifting, that to which the soul lifts itself up
    1c) bearing, carrying
    1d) tribute, that which is carried or brought or borne
    ) utterance, oracle, burden
  2. Matthew 11:30 For my yoke [is] easy, and my burden is light.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 04503 ^החנמ^ minchah \@min-khaw’\@ MemNunChetHey from an unused root meaning to apportion, i.e. bestow; n f; {See TWOT on 1214 @@ "1214a"} AV-offering 164, present 28, gift 7, oblation 6, sacrifice 5, meat 1; 211
    1) gift, tribute, offering, present, oblation, sacrifice, meat offering
    1a) gift, present
    1b) tribute
    1c) offering (to God)
    1d) grain offering
    • מ ם Mem Fountain of water a fountain of the Divine Wisdom [massive, overpower chaos] 40
    • נ ן Nun Heir to the Throne, Aramaic fish in the Mem (fish in flowing waters) or in the Hebrew the Nun may mean the kingdom. [fish moving... Activity life] 50
    • ח Chet The Life Force - Dynamic nature of -cause and effect- give life and live.[fence, thread, hedge, chamber...cycle] 8
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
  4. 4.0 4.1 02490 חָלַל‎ chalal [khaw-lal’] a primitive root [compare 02470]; v; [BDB-319a, BDB-320a] [{See TWOT on 660 }] [{See TWOT on 661 }] AV-begin 52, profane 36, pollute 23, defile 9, break 4, wounded 3, eat 2, slay 2, first 1, gather grapes 1, inheritance 1, began men 1, piped 1, players 1, prostitute 1, sorrow 1, stain 1, eat as common things 1; 141
    1) to profane, defile, pollute, desecrate, begin
    1a) (Niphal)
    1a1) to profane oneself, defile oneself, pollute oneself
    1a1a) ritually
    1a1b) sexually
    1a2) to be polluted, be defiled
    1b) (Piel)
    1b1) to profane, make common, defile, pollute
    1b2) to violate the honour of, dishonour
    1b3) to violate (a covenant)
    1b4) to treat as common
    1c) (Pual) to profane (name of God)
    1d) (Hiphil)
    1d1) to let be profaned
    1d2) to begin
    1e) (Hophal) to be begun
    2) to wound (fatally), bore through, pierce, bore
    2a) (Qal) to pierce
    2b) (Pual) to be slain
    2c) (Poel) to wound, pierce
    2d) (Poal) to be wounded
    3) (Piel) to play the flute or pipe
  5. 5.0 5.1 01351 גָּאַל‎ ga’al [gaw-al’] a primitive root but the same letters GimelAlefLamed 01350 also means redeemed ; v; [BDB-146a] [{See TWOT on 301 }] AV-pollute 7, defile 3, stain 1; 11
    1) to defile, pollute, desecrate
    1a) (Niphal) to be defiled, be polluted
    1b) (Piel) to pollute, desecrate
    1c) (Pual) to be desecrated (of removal from priesthood)
    1d) (Hiphil) to pollute, stain
    1e) (Hithpael) to defile oneself
    • ג Gimel Reward and Punish, Cause and effect. Do to others as they should do. Camel[throwstick pride to lift up] 3
    • א Alef Father-Son- begin- The Paradox: God and Man - (ox bull)[strength, leader, first] 1
    • ל Lamed means Aspiration of the Heart or to learn or even direct like a shepherd. It has to do with what the Hand produces,[hand is די YodDelat] or directs with staff, whip... like the tongue may direct. 30
  6. 0935 בּוֹא‎ bow’ [bo] a primitive root; v; [BDB-97b] [{See TWOT on 212 }] AV-come 1435, bring 487,  …  in 233, enter 125, go 123, carry 17,  … down 23, pass 13,  … out 12, misc 109; 2577
    1) to go in, enter, come, go, come in
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to enter, come in
    1a2) to come
    1a2a) to come with
    1a2b) to come upon, fall or light upon, attack (enemy)
    1a2c) to come to pass
    1a3) to attain to
    1a4) to be enumerated
    1a5) to go
    1b) (Hiphil)
    1b1) to lead in
    1b2) to carry in
    1b3) to bring in, cause to come in, gather, cause to come, bring near, bring against, bring upon
    1b4) to bring to pass
    1c) (Hophal)
    1c1) to be brought, brought in
    1c2) to be introduced, be put
    • ב Beit Purpose: God Dwelling Place Below - from house or God's house here[household, in, into] 2
    • ו Vav Connection, Connecting realms and worlds or the dividing veil between them. [nail... And, Add, secure, hook] 6
    • א Alef Father-Son- begin- The Paradox: God and Man - (ox bull)[strength, leader, first] 1
  7. 7.0 7.1 01497 גָּזַל‎ gazal [gaw-zal’] a primitive root; v; [BDB-159b] [{See TWOT on 337 }] AV-spoil 8, take away 8, rob 4, pluck 3, caught 1, consume 1, exercised 1, force 1, pluck off 1, torn 1, violence 1; 30
    1) to tear away, seize, plunder, tear off, pull off, rob, take away by force
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to tear away, rob
    1a2) to seize, plunder (with acc cognate)
    1b) (Niphal)
    1b1) to be robbed
    1b2) to be taken away
    • ג Gimel Reward and Punish, Cause and effect. Do to others as they should do. Camel[throwstick pride to lift up] 3
    • זָ ז Zayin The Service and Valor, cut and bread, war and nourish. [weapon.... Cut to cut off manacle] 7
    • ל Lamed means Aspiration of the Heart or to learn or even direct like a shepherd. It has to do with what the Hand produces,[hand is די YodDelat] or directs with staff, whip... like the tongue may direct. 30
  8. Leviticus 6:4 Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away <01497>, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found,
    Leviticus 19:13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob <01497> [him]: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
    Proverbs 22:22 Rob <01497> not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
    Proverbs 28:24 Whoso robbeth <01497> his father or his mother, and saith, [It is] no transgression; the same [is] the companion of a destroyer.
    Isaiah 10:2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away <01497> the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, and [that] they may rob the fatherless!
    Ezekiel 22:29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised <01497> robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully.
    Micah 2:2 And they covet fields, and take [them] by violence <01497>; and houses, and take [them] away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.
    Micah 3:2 Who hate the good, and love the evil; who pluck off <01497> their skin from off them, and their flesh from off their bones;
    Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
    Matthew 9:13 But go ye and learn what [that] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
    Matthew 12:7 But if ye had known what [this] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
  9. 9.0 9.1 06455 ^חספ^ picceach \@pis-say’- akh\@ Pei Samech Chet from 06452 PeiSamechChet pass over or skip; adj; {See TWOT on 1787 @@ "1787a"} AV-lame 14; 14
    1) lame
    • פ ף Pei Communication: The Oral Torah The mouth, blow,edge . [Mouth speak open word] 80
    • ס Samech The Eternal Cycle The circular symbolizes the fundamental truth [ prop... Support turn] 60
    • ח Chet The Life Force - Dynamic nature of -cause and effect- give life and live.[fence, thread, hedge, chamber...cycle] 8
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 02470 חָלָה‎ chalah [khaw-law’] Chet Lamed Hey a primitive root [compare 02342, 02456, 02490]; v; [BDB-317b, BDB-318b] [{See TWOT on 655 }] AV- … sick 34, beseech 6, be weak 4, grievous 4, be diseased 3, wounded 3, pray 3, intreat 3, grief 2, grieved 2, sore 2, pain 1, infirmity 1, intreated 1, laid 1, prayer 1, sorry 1, make suit 1, supplication 1, travail 1; 75
    1) to be or become weak, be or become sick, be or become diseased, be or become grieved, be or become sorry
    1a) (Qal) to be weak, be sick
    1b) (Piel)
    1b1) to be or become weak, feel weak
    1b2) to become sick, become ill
    1b3) (CLBL) to entreat, pray, beg
    1c) (Niphal)
    1c1) to make oneself sick
    1c2) to be made sick
    1c3) to be tired
    1d) (Pual) to be made weak, become weak
    1e) (Hithpael) to make oneself sick
    1f) (Hiphil)
    1f1) to make sore
    1f2) to make sick
    1f3) to show signs of sickness, become sick
    1f4) to grieve
    1g) (Hophal)
    1g1) to be made sick
    1g2) to be wounded
    • ח Chet The Life Force - Dynamic nature of -cause and effect- give life and live.[fence, thread, hedge, chamber...cycle] 8
    • ל Lamed means Aspiration of the Heart or to learn or even direct like a shepherd. It has to do with what the Hand produces,[hand is די YodDelat] or directs with staff, whip... like the tongue may direct. 30
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
  11. 0959 בָּזָה‎ bazah [baw-zaw’] a primitive root; v; [BDB-102a] [{See TWOT on 224 }] AV-despise 36, contemptible 3, contemned 1, disdained 1, vile person 1, scorn 1; 43
    1) to despise, hold in contempt, disdain
    1a) (Qal) to despise, regard with contempt
    1b) (Niphal)
    1b1) to be despised
    1b2) to be despicable
    1b3) to be vile, worthless
    1c) (Hiphil) to cause to despise
  12. 05787 עֵוֵּר‎ ‘ivver [iv-vare’] intensive from 05786; adj; [BDB-734b] [{See TWOT on 1586 @@ "1586a" }] AV-blind 25, blind men 1; 26
    1) blind
    1a) blind (physically)
    1b) blind (fig.)
  13. 2 Chronicles 19:7 Wherefore now let the fear of the LORD be upon you; take heed and do [it]: for [there is] no iniquity with the LORD our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts.
    Proverbs 28:21 To have respect of persons [is] not good: for for a piece of bread [that] man will transgress.
    Acts 10:34 Then Peter opened [his] mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:
    Romans 2:11 For there is no respect of persons with God.
    Ephesians 6:9 And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.
    Colossians 3:25 But he that doeth wrong shall receive for the wrong which he hath done: and there is no respect of persons.
    James 2:1 My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, [the Lord] of glory, with respect of persons.
    James 2:9 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.
    1 Peter 1:17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man’s work, pass the time of your sojourning [here] in fear:
  14. 05066 נָגַשׁ‎ nagash [naw-gash’] NunGimelShin a primitive root; v; [BDB-620b] [{See TWOT on 1297 }] AV-(come, draw, etc)  … near 55, come 14, (come, draw, etc)  … nigh 12, bring 13,  …  hither 7, offer 7, approach 5, forth 3, misc 9; 125
    1) to draw near, approach
    1a) (Qal) to draw or come near
    1a1) of humans
    1a1a) of sexual intercourse
    1a2) of inanimate subject
    1a2a) to approach one another
    1b) (Niphal) to draw near
    1c) (Hiphil) to cause to approach, bring near, bring
    1d) (Hophal) to be brought near
    1e) (Hithpael) to draw near
    נ ן Nun Heir to the Throne, Aramaic fish in the Mem (fish in flowing waters) or in the Hebrew the Nun may mean the kingdom. [fish moving... Activity life] 50
    ג Gimel Reward and Punish, Cause and effect. Do to others as they should do. Camel[throwstick pride to lift up] 3
    ש Shin Eternal Flame of Revelation, bound to the coal of righteousness, the Divine Essence. [sun... teeth... consume destroy] 300
  15. 02889 טָהוֹר‎ tahowr [taw-hore’] TetHeyVavReish or טהר‎ tahor [taw-hore’] from 02891 moral; adj; [BDB-373a] [{See TWOT on 792 @@ "792d" }] AV-clean 50, pure 40, fair 2, purer 1, variant 1; 94
    1) pure, clean
    1a) clean (ceremonially-of animals)
    1b) pure (physically)
    1c) pure, clean (morally, ethically)
    • ט Tet Introversion - The Concealed power of good or paradoxically evil [to twist a snake... wheel To surround (gestation)] 9
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
    • ו Vav Connection, Connecting realms and worlds or the dividing veil between them. [nail... And, Add, secure, hook] 6
    • ר Reish Process of Clarification The "head" or "beginning". Life's revelation. [Head... Person head highest] 200
  16. 05739 עֵדֶר‎ ‘eder [ay’-der] AyinDaletReish from 05737 to help or be lacking; n m; [BDB-727b] [{See TWOT on 1572 @@ "1572a" }] AV-flock 32, drove 4, herds 2; 38
    1) flock, herd
    1a) flock
    1b) herds, flocks and herds
    • ע Ayin also U Divine Providence Eye or Well of five states of kindness or severity. [eye, watch] 70
    • ד Dalet Selflessness – Charity, back and forth or through a door or pathway, to enter like a fish, 4
    • ר Reish Process of Clarification The "head" or "beginning". Life's revelation. [Head... Person head highest] 200
  17. 02145 זָכָר‎ zakar [zaw-kawr’] Zayin Kaf Reish from 02142 remember or remembrance; n m/adj; [BDB-271a] [{See TWOT on 551 @@ "551e" }] AV-male 67, man 7, child 4, mankind 2, him 1; 81 n m
    1) male (of humans and animals)
    adj
    2) male (of humans) [{#Nu 3:40,43 Jer 20:15 }]
    • זָ ז Zayin The Service and Valor, cut and bread, war and nourish. [weapon.... Cut to cut off manacle] 7
    • כ ך Kaf K Crown: To Actualize Potential power from spiritual to physical realm [to cover, strength] 20
    • ר Reish Process of Clarification The "head" or "beginning". Life's revelation. [Head... Person head highest] 200


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Brother Gregory

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