Eldership

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The creation of doctrines around the FiveFold Ministry concept has often led to a neglect of the duties of the Church. Christ appointed the ministers of His Church to do a job and provide the services of Pure Religion through charitable practices, freely giving what was freely received like the Levites before them, who were the Church in the Wilderness. They were public servants of the appointed Kingdom of God of, for, and by the virtue of the people and the ministries of His Church. Providing welfare through the state where men may call themselves benefactors creates a social compact with a corporate body that exercises authority which makes the word of God to none effect and snares the people as surety for debt. They gave up personal wealth being "called out" and relied upon charity. They were not mendicant which would be contrary to the early Church. They were to be in one accord, One Body, as the true Church. 1000 years later in the days of Lady Godiva the Church would look to the Benefactors who exercise authority and the Fathers of the earth becoming entangled in the elements of the world. It is time to repent!


Biblical eldership

Eldership is defined:

1. An older person.
2. An older, influential member of a family, tribe, or community.
3. One of the governing officers of a church, often having pastoral or teaching functions.

This third definition of the word elder or eldership is common among many denominations of the modern Church. The idea that the elders of the first century Church were "governing officers of a church" can be very deceptive and is a misuse of the term. The misuse and application of these words and many others found in the New Testaments have allowed doctrines to creep into Christianity that is destroying the effectiveness of the Church and altering its very nature and purpose in the minds of many people.

Countless church groups and ministries are offering books, workbook, and courses to teach ministers the art and skills of "eldership". They talk about training "leaders in the church", memorizing scripture, homework, assigned reading, and the facilitator’s role as guide to the group to questions and encourage interaction sharing answers, insights, and clarifications through verbally participating.

What this does is cause participants to invest their time energy and even their money in the idea of an elder being an office of the Church established by Christ. That investment causes people to cling to that idea and defend it. The truth is that the term elder was not really used in the early Church to describe an office of the Church.

The term Elder was only noting a position of authority or respect conferred by age and experience within a family. Identifying the true nature of the term "elder" may lead us to comprehend their role in the early Church and the Christian community. Shedding light on what these terms actually meant and how they were used at that time in history may lead us to a greater understanding of the mission of the Church as prescribed by Christ.

The family is the first institution of God. It is from a healthy, viable, and free family that a free and righteous Christian society is born. Anything that does not promote, guard, protect, and strengthen the rights, the prosperity and health of the Families of God is not compatible with the purposes of God.[1]

The spiritual leadership and emotional support of the families of God, from which the next generation of the children of God shall spring, is the Holy Spirit, the Comforter. Neither Jesus nor Moses called out men to be a substitute for the Holy Spirit of God dwelling in the hearts and minds of every man.[2]

The Holy Spirit does not dwell in temples of dead stone built by the hand of man but in the living stones, hearts and minds of the people. This is why it was written that the kingdom of God is within you.[3] For the Holy Spirit to enter in and guide us we need to Repent and seek the kingdom of God and the righteousness of God.

The early Church was composed of congregations of congregations but those congregations were composed of families represented by the heads of families which were called elders. A small group of elders was a congregation or "company" of ten men and their families or what the Greeks called sumposion.[4] There were Hebrew words for congregations or assemblies including qahal[5] and ‘edah [6]. There is another Greek word for congregations or assemblies of ten heads of families which may seem more familiar which is sunagoge.[7]

The elders we see appointed in the early Church were already elders of families. Their appointment was not to positions of authority one over the other but positions of service which helped to connect the companies of elders in ranks of tens and hundreds and thousands a charitable network to provide a daily ministration and relief on a local and international level.


Study Guide

To repent is to think differently which may require that we revisit the meaning of words that we believed at one time we understood. The study guide to the right, the multiple live inks, and audio files are offered for free to help you understand the gospel of the kingdom as it was understood by the early Church.

Study Guide
Because the Church is the institution of Christ in order to understand eldership in relation to the early Church you must know the meaning of the term elder and the Church legally defined.
You will also need to now the original meaning of the word Religion and the difference between Pure religion and Public religion.
Audio Podcasts
Questions
If a Church organization strays significantly from The Way taught by Christ and the early Church, acts in a manner fundamentally different or contrary to the doctrines of Jesus, or is established by or goes under another authority other than Christ can it still be the Church established by Jesus, His Church?


200 years ago religion was defined as the "performance of all known duties to God and our fellow men". Politics of the world has become a way to impose duties on our fellow man through force as if we are gods. Religion today is often used to justify that imposition of force on our fellow men.

The politics of the Church is the politics of the word which empowers man to seek “Real piety in practice, consisting in the performance of all known duties to God and our fellow men” unspotted by the politics of the world which is Pure Religion.

The purpose of the Church is the purpose of Christ. The office of that Church appointed by Christ is to feed His sheep by facilitating every elder of every family in their personal practice of Pure Religion. To do this natural elders of every family should freely assemble to choose the best amongst them to connect all the people seeking the kingdom of God and The Way of Christ in a voluntary network of charity and love.

One of the primary qualifications for a minister of the Church or the Levites before them was that they were the head of a good family. They were chosen by the people to serve all the other elders and their families in free assemblies in a network of congregations of ten elders. Once that pattern is established and we understand that the purpose of the ministers includes more than emotional and spiritual support but also the provision of clothing, food, and shelter when needed we may begin to see the mission of the Church.

In Titus 3 verse 5 Paul is giving instructions about the appointment of existing elders to offices of the Church to fulfill appointed duties directed by Christ. There is no reason to believe from the text that the term "elder" was an office of the Church. In verse 6 Paul describes the kind of elder you are looking to appoint is one that is already "blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children..."

Some would say there are no "offices" of the Church but clearly, Christ speaks of officers.[8] The word we sometimes see as "servant" in scripture in Greek was huperetes[9] which is far more often translated "officer". It was also used by the apostles.[10]

Jesus clearly came and took the kingdom from those who sat in the seat of Moses and appointed that kingdom to those who would bear fruit to men he called His little flock.[11] The officers of His government did not exercise authority one over the other but there was rank based on service.[12]


Duties of an elder

Biblical eldership is the performance of the duties imposed by God and Nature of every man who is an elder to their family and to the community as themselves according to the leading of the Holy Spirit within the commandments of God.

The institution of the family is the first institution of God. While the church in general is driven by the Spirit of God that Holy Spirit is only found dwelling in the hearts and minds of every man and woman. The Kingdom of God is within them from generation to generation[13].

For the next generation to receive the wisdom, values, and spirit of righteousness each family cannot just think or believe they love their neighbor but they must turn that love into competent actions[14] through the natural sacrifice of charity.[15]

For eldership to fulfill its duties it must include the will of God for your family and the next generation and what God desires you do for your fellow man. In order to attend to the weightier matters of Christ we must be diligent in our quest for the righteousness of God for every man. Charity cannot express or fulfill the competent love for and of Christ without an intimate knowledge of needs, cause, and effect of fervent charity upon the recipient of your personal sacrifice.[16] It cannot be righteous without a humble willingness to forgive.

The importance of Eldership to the Church

The Church specific is not an institution of man but of Christ. As a government it operated according to the perfect law of liberty by faith through charity in hope of salvation in this world and in that which is to come. Christ called men out of the world just as Moses called out the Church in the wilderness from the camp of the Golden calf. Jesus was to follow after John the Baptist who followed after his father Zacharia serving as the highpriest in the wilderness. Jesus chose and taught His disciples to be ministers of the people for His purposes which is the purpose of the God of Creation and Nature.

But Jesus as the Christ, the highest son of God, was also the righteous king of Judea and also of Israel. He called out His faithful disciples, His little flock, to be appointed "a kingdom" to serve.[17] He was able to do this because he had taken the kingdom from the pharisees by the words of their own mouth.[18]

Jesus had chosen specific men, tested them over time,[19] and promised to appoint a kingdom to His little flock.[20] while prohibiting them from exercising authority over each other or the people in free assembly like the governments of the world did at that time and do again today. Unless the elders of every family also serve to set the table of the Lord there will be no Eucharist, no communion of the flesh and blood of Christ.

The people were always meant to have the free dominion of God in His Garden as long as they ate of the tree of life dressing and keeping the gift of this domain. Only then shall they be a peculiar people.

Pastoral eldership

Is the pastoral mission of the Church primarily or exclusively "concerning or appropriate to the giving of spiritual guidance"?[21]

"Pastoral care is an ancient model of emotional and spiritual support that can be found in all cultures and traditions. It has been described in our modern context as individual and corporate patience in which trained pastoral carers support people in their pain, loss and anxiety, and their triumphs, joys and victories." University of Canberra

In the modern Church today there is a reference to Pastoral care as "emotional and spiritual" support but the words related to pastor in the Bible suggest, even state, a temporal Pastoral responsibility for the health and well being. The Hebrew word "raah"[22] is not only the word for pastor and shepherd it is mostly commonly translated as "feed".

The Greek word poimen[23] which we see translated pastor in the New Testament is commonly translated shepherd.

The term shepherd as an occupational title reached beyond emotions and spiritual needs of the flock and for 2000 years the Church was heavily engaged in daily ministrations of a temporal needs. The relegation of a pastors duties to primarily a spiritual or emotional caregiver is an apparition of the modern Church.

The original duties of a shepherd are said to be:'[23]

  • -to watch for enemies trying to attack the sheep
  • -to defend the sheep from attackers
  • -to heal the wounded and sick sheep
  • -to find and save lost or trapped sheep
  • -to love them, sharing their lives and so earning their trust.

Jesus repeated that we were to Feed His Sheep and the apostles and the early Church were clearly rightly dividing actual bread from house to house.[24]

We see the first to preach the kingdom of God at hand was John the Baptist who was the son of Zacharias a high priest of Judea. As the voice of one crying in the wilderness he is telling people to "Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight" because at that time it was "crooked" and needed to "be made straight" because the people had become a "generation of vipers" so that there was a recompense and "wrath to come"

John was calling not just for repentance but "fruits worthy of repentance". They could not just depend upon the fact that "Abraham to our father" ut their generation was going to have to think so differently that they produced "good fruit".

So, "the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?"

  • "He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise." Luke 3:11

Those meats were equivalent to the free bread of Rome and the gift, gratuities, and benefits provided by the Sacrifice of the people called Corban but under Herod the Great and the Pharisees that sacrifice became a matter of compelled offerings as opposed to freewill offerings. If the sacrifices of the people were not based on a freewill offering they would make the word of God to none effect.

John was making a clear statement that the straight way of God is to care for the needs of society including food through charity, not by covetous practices and certainly not by compelling the contributions and sacrifices of the people through force like the fathers of the earth and rulers of the gentiles who exercise authority one over the other.

The word meat is translated from the Greek word broma which means "that which is eaten, food".[25] Christ and the apostles provided the distribution of this "meat" for the people translated victuals in Matthew 14:15.[26] We also seem the same word in Luke 9:13[27] in the same reference to actua food distributed to the people for eating.

The Bible and eldership

In every family, there is to be a king and high priest.

But like the Levites before them, ordained ministers of the Church chosen by the people should meet the qualifications of a trusted elder. But as an officer of the Church instituted by Christ, they must also meet the qualifications and requirements of Jesus Christ as the establisher of the Church.

The people should always look out among themselves and choose men they trust to provide these services. It was the job of the Church to appoint or ordain them over those matters of service. The people retained the power over their choice of votive offerings to support the ministers and services of the Church to the people.

The term ordain is Greek word kathistemi[28] meaning "set in place", specifically "1b) to appoint one to administer an office".

Paul is not ordaining men to be elders but ordaining men who were already elders in their families to be bishops as "steward" of the Church. A steward was "the manager of a household or of household affairs" of the house of God which received the donations of all the elders of families to provide the daily ministration of the people. They were in charge of the "finances" of the polis of Christ, "treasurers or quaestors of kings". [29]

We see in the New Testament "the office of a deacon"[30], "the office of a bishop"[31], and "the office of the priesthood"[32] but there is no office of elder.

Paul uses the term diakonia [33] translated "office" in refrence to himself but diakonia is more often translated ministry.[34] He also uses a word translated office but the word is praxis [35] which actually means "a doing... a thing to be done, business".


Laity

The Laity are the people of a religious faith as distinguished from its clergy. The laity has played an important role in the history of the church. As a free people seeking the kingdom of God and His righteousness, they do not hold any office in the institution of the appointed Church for they are returned to their family as free souls under God.

The clergy and the laity are both participating in what was called The Way. As Christ appointed them they do not exercise authority one over the other. Unfortunately, many damnable heresies have crept into the modern Church that has lead many to become workers of iniquity while still claiming to be followers Christ.

The Elders of each family were both priests and kings within their own family but to come together as a nation required someone to act as a priest on a national level. The people were gathered in congregations of tens as commanded by Moses and by Christ but they shared what they produced with the national priests of their society in charity to help maintain the community and strengthen its natural bonds of society in a daily ministration of welfare by freewill offerings instead of by force.

The table of rulers which should have been for the welfare of the people was a snare and a trap but the living altars of Abraham, Moses, and Jesus help set the people/laity free.

Such systems of voluntary assistance in society require the people to be diligent in their practice of virtue and their duty to their fellow man in what James calls Pure Religion. In the ancient text, we see terms like Altars of clay and stone which represented councils of friends and the people or laity they served. Together in love, they provided a social welfare need which strengthened the community without electing a ruler or falling prey to the error of the Balaam.

The Levites as a national priesthood were not originally meant to burn up animals on piles of dead stone but they were a government institution designed to serve the public as a medium for causing the transfer of the offered sacrifices to those truly in need as the deserving poor.

The Pharisees had it wrong but other religious groups reading the exact same Torah at the time of Christ would have little or nothing to do with the bloody mindless rituals of the Pharisees. They considered the Pharisaical interpretation of the sacred scriptures to be a fiction and a fraud.[36]

The deeds of modern Christians today are hated by God and Christ because they have let themselves be conquered by greed and wantonness. As nicolaitans they are brought again under the elements of the world into the bondage of The Mire through covetous practices which makes them merchandise and curse children.

Abraham, Moses, John the Baptist and Jesus and the early Church advocated a Daily ministration for the needy of the Christian community that was dependent on Charity only and it was not like the system of Corban of the Pharisees nor the free bread of Rome. It was their Pure Religion that brought them into a Christian conflict with Public religion and the Covetous Practices of the World.

Clergy defined

CLERGY. "the body of all people ordained for religious duties, especially in the Christian Church." All who are attached to the ecclesiastical ministry are called the clergy; a clergyman is therefore an ecclesiastical minister.
2. Clergymen were exempted by the emperor Constantine from all civil burdens. Baronius ad ann. 319, 30. Lord
Coke says, 2 Inst. 3, ecclesiastical persons have more and greater liberties than other of the king's subjects, wherein to set down all, would take up a whole volume of itself.
3. In the United States the clergy is not established by law, but each congregation or church may choose its own clergyman. Bouvier's Law Dictionary Revised Sixth Edition, 1856
CHRISTIANITY. The religion established by Jesus Christ.
2. Christianity has been judicially declared to be a part of the common law of Pennsylvania; 11 Serg. & Rawle, 394; 5 Binn. R.555; of New York, 8 Johns. R. 291; of Connecticut, 2 Swift's System, 321; of Massachusetts, Dane's Ab. vol. 7, c. 219, a. 2, 19. To write or speak contemptuously and maliciously against it, is an indictable offence. Vide Cooper on the Law of Libel, 59 and 114, et seq.; and generally, 1 Russ. on Cr. 217; 1 Hawk, c. 5; 1 Vent. 293; 3 Keb. 607; 1 Barn. & Cress. 26. S. C. 8 Eng. Com. Law R. 14; Barnard. 162; Fitzgib. 66; Roscoe, Cr. Ev. 524; 2 Str. 834; 3 Barn. & Ald. 161; S. C. 5 Eng. Com. Law R. 249 Jeff. Rep. Appx. See 1 Cro. Jac. 421 Vent. 293; 3 Keb. 607; Cooke on Def. 74; 2 How. S. C. 11-ep. 127, 197 to 201.


Clergy of Christ

If the clergy is "the body of all people ordained for religious duties" then Christ's clergy would be the body of ministers ordained by Jesus. That would be first the Apostles and their successors or at least those who are fulfilling the "duties of religion". So we need to know what was religion and what Pure Religion would be and the instructions to the apostles given by Jesus to know what those duties were.

Jesus clearly called out His little flock to serve the people without exercising authority one over the other. They were to be separate from the world with no personal estate owning all things common like the Levites before them. The oversaw a daily ministration that served the needs of their society rightly dividing bread and supplies from house to house and across borders of nations during economic dearths and famines.

Elders of the early Church were first of the laity and functioned as free souls according to the Perfect law of liberty. They could become a part of the clergy of Christ who like Christ only came to serve, not rule over the people.

Is the modern Church doing what the early Church did?

Without the Church in general which we may call the laity gathering in free assemblies or congregations of Tens and the Church specific which consists of the offices of Deacon, Bishop and Priest, There will be the temptations of Balaam and the Nicolaitan.

Clergy of the world

Who is the Clergy of the world. That would be what is sometimes called "public religion" which is often doing what the early Church used to do. They are the administrators of your social welfare by the governments of the world.

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Footnotes

  1. 3 John 1:2 Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth.
  2. Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
    Hebrews 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
    Hebrews 10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
  3. Luke 17:21 Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you.
  4. 4849 ~συμπόσιον~ sumposion \@soom-pos’-ee-on\@ from a derivative of the alternate of 4844; ; n n AV-company 1, not tr. 1; Repeated twice in Mark 6:39
    1) a drinking party, entertainment
    1a) of the party itself, the guests
    1b) rows of guests
    "The symposium (or symposion) was an important part of ancient Greek culture from the 7th century BCE and was a party held in a private home where Greek males gathered to drink, eat and sing together. Various topics were also discussed such as philosophy, politics, poetry and the issues of the day."
    " The equivalent of a Greek symposium in Roman society is the Latin convivium."
    Plato in his "Laws" endorses the benefits of the symposium as a means to test and promote virtue in citizens.
  5. 06951 ^להק^ qahal \@kaw-hawl’\@ from 06950; n m; AV-congregation 86, assembly 17, company 17, multitude 3; 123
    1) assembly, company, congregation, convocation
    1a) assembly
    1a1) for evil counsel, war or invasion, religious purposes
    1b) company (of returning exiles)
    1c) congregation
    1c1) as organised body
  6. 05712 ^הדע^ ‘edah \@ay-daw’\@ from 05707 meaning witness in the original sense of fixture; n f; AV-congregation 124, company 13, assembly 9, multitude 1, people 1, swarm 1; 149
    1) congregation, gathering
    • ע Ayin also U Divine Providence Eye or Well of five states of kindness or severity. [eye, watch] 70
    • ד Dalet Selflessness – Charity, back and forth or through a door or pathway, to enter like a fish, 4
    • ה Hey Expression--Thought, Speech, Action. Manifest seeds of thought and life. [Emphasize, jubilation, window, fence] 5
  7. 4864 ~συναγωγή~ sunagoge \@soon-ag-o-gay’\@ from (the reduplicated form of) 4863; TDNT-7:798,1107; {See TDNT 764} n f AV-synagogue 55, congregation 1, assembly 1; 57
    1) a bringing together, gathering (as of fruits), a contracting
    2) in the NT, an assembling together of men, an assembly of men
    3) a synagogue
    3a) an assembly of Jews formally gathered together to offer prayers and listen to the reading and expositions of the scriptures; assemblies of that sort were held every sabbath and feast day, afterwards also on the second and fifth days of every week; name transferred to an assembly of Christians formally gathered together for religious purposes
    3b) the buildings where those solemn Jewish assemblies are held. Synagogues seem to date their origin from the Babylonian exile. In the times of Jesus and the apostles every town, not only in Palestine, but also among the Gentiles if it contained a considerable number of Jewish inhabitants, had at least one synagogue, the larger towns several or even many. These were also used for trials and inflicting punishment.
    • For Synonyms see entry 5897
  8. John 18:36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants<5257> fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.
  9. 5257 ~ὑπηρέτης~ huperetes \@hoop-ay-ret’-ace\@ from 5259 and a derivative of eresso (to row); n m AV-officer 11, minister 5, servant 4; 20
    1) servant
    1a) an underrower, subordinate rower
    1b) any one who serves with hands: a servant
    1b1) in the NT of the officers and attendants of magistrates as  —  of the officer who executes penalties
    1b2) of the attendants of a king, servants, retinue, the soldiers of a king, of the attendant of a synagogue
    1b3) of any one ministering or rendering service
    1c) any one who aids another in any work
    1c1) an assistant
    1c2) of the preacher of the gospel
    For Synonyms see entry 5834 & 5928
  10. Acts 13:5 And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews: and they had also John to their minister <5257>.
    Acts 26:16 But rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister <5257> and a witness both of these things which thou hast seen, and of those things in the which I will appear unto thee;
    1 Corinthians 4:1 Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers <5257> of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.
  11. Matthew 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
  12. Mark 9:35 And he sat down, and called the twelve, and saith unto them, If any man desire to be first, the same shall be last of all, and servant of all.
    Mark 10:44 And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all.
  13. Daniel 4:3 How great [are] his signs! and how mighty [are] his wonders! his kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion [is] from generation to generation.
    Genesis 6:9 These [are] the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man [and] perfect in his generations, [and] Noah walked with God.
  14. 1 John 3:18 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.
  15. John 10:15 As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep. 16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd. 17 Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. 18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
    John 15:13 Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.
    1 John 3:16 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought
  16. Matthew 10:42 And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.
    Matthew 24:45 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season?
    See also Luke 12:42 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom [his] lord shall make ruler over his household, to give [them their] portion of meat in due season?
    Matthew 25:8 And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out.
    James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
  17. Luke 22:29 And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;
  18. John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with [him], away with [him], crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
  19. Luke 22:28 Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.
  20. Matthew 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
  21. 2018 Oxford University Press
  22. 07462 ^הער^ ra‘ah \@raw-aw’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-feed 75, shepherd 63, pastor 8, herdmen 7, keep 3, companion 2, broken 1, company 1, devour 1, eat 1, entreateth 1, misc 10; 173
    1) to pasture, tend, graze, feed
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to tend, pasture
    1a1a) to shepherd
    1a1b) of ruler, teacher (fig)
    1a1c) of people as flock (fig)
    1a1d) shepherd, herdsman (subst)
    1a2) to feed, graze
    1a2a) of cows, sheep etc (literal)
    1a2b) of idolater, Israel as flock (fig)
    1b) (Hiphil) shepherd, shepherdess
    2) to associate with, be a friend of (meaning probable)
    2a) (Qal) to associate with
    2b) (Hithpael) to be companions
    3) (Piel) to be a special friend
  23. 23.0 23.1 4166 ~ποιμήν~ poimen \@poy-mane’\@ of uncertain affinity; n m AV-shepherd 15, Shepherd 2, pastor 1; 18
    1) a herdsman, esp. a shepherd
    1a) in the parable, he to whose care and control others have committed themselves, and whose precepts they follow
    2) metaph.
    2a) the presiding officer, manager, director, of any assembly: so of Christ the Head of the church; the NT uses the term bishop, overseers, 1985 pastors, 4166 elders, and presbyters 4245 interchangeably {#Ac 20:17,28 Eph 4:11 Tit 1:5,7 1Pe 5:1-4 etc.} 2a1) of the overseers of the Christian assemblies 2a2) of kings and princes
    The tasks of a Near Eastern shepherd were:
    • -to watch for enemies trying to attack the sheep
    • -to defend the sheep from attackers
    • -to heal the wounded and sick sheep
    • -to find and save lost or trapped sheep
    • -to love them, sharing their lives and so earning their trust.
  24. Acts 2:46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,
  25. 1033 ~βρῶμα~ broma \@bro’-mah\@ from the base of 977; TDNT-1:642,111; {See TDNT 147} n n AV-meat 16, victual 1; 17
    1) that which is eaten, food
    • It is also a shipworm (Teredo navalis) that bores into wooden piers, ships, etc. and in (dentistry) it can mean a cavity.
  26. Matthew 14:15 "And when it was evening, his disciples came to him, saying, This is a desert place, and the time is now past; send the multitude away, that they may go into the villages, and buy themselves victuals.
  27. Luke 9:13 But he said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they said, We have no more but five loaves and two fishes; except we should go and buy meat for all this people.
  28. 2525 ~καθίστημι~ kathistemi \@kath-is’-tay-mee\@ from 2596 and 2476; v AV-make 8, make ruler 6, ordain 3, be 2, appoint 1, conduct 1, set 1; 22
    1) to set, place, put
    1a) to set one over a thing (in charge of it)
    1b) to appoint one to administer an office
    1c) to set down as, constitute, to declare, show to be
    1d) to constitute, to render, make, cause to be
    1e) to conduct or bring to a certain place
    1f) to show or exhibit one’s self
    1f1) come forward as
    Ordain#An_Appointment_Ex_Officio
  29. 3623 ~οἰκονόμος~ oikonomos \@oy-kon-om’-os\@ from 3624 oikos meaning house and the base of 3551 nomos meaning law; TDNT-5:149,674; {See TDNT 539} n m AV-steward 8, chamberlain 1, governor 1; 10
    1) the manager of household or of household affairs
    1a) esp. a steward, manager, superintendent (whether free-born or as was usually the case, a freed-man or a slave) to whom the head of the house or proprietor has intrusted the management of his affairs, the care of receipts and expenditures, and the duty of dealing out the proper portion to every servant and even to the children not yet of age
    1b) the manager of a farm or landed estate, an overseer
    1c) the superintendent of the city’s finances, the treasurer of a city (or of treasurers or quaestors of kings)
    2) metaph. the apostles and other Christian teachers and bishops and overseers
  30. 1 Timothy 3:10 And let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon, being found blameless.
    1 Timothy 3:13 For they that have used the office of a deacon well purchase to themselves a good degree, and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.
  31. 1 Timothy 3:1 ¶ This [is] a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.
  32. Hebrews 7:5 And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham:
  33. 1248 ~διακονία~ diakonia \@dee-ak-on-ee’-ah\@ from 1249; n f AV-ministry 16, ministration 6, ministering 3, misc 9; 34
    1) service, ministering, esp. of those who execute the commands of others
    L 2) of those who by the command of God proclaim and promote religion among men
    2a) of the office of Moses
    2b) of the office of the apostles and its administration
    2c) of the office of prophets, evangelists, elders etc.
    3) the ministration of those who render to others the offices of Christian affection esp. those who help meet need by either collecting or distributing of charities
    4) the office of the deacon in the church
    5) the service of those who prepare and present food
  34. Romans 11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:
  35. 4234 ~πρᾶξις~ praxis \@prax’-is\@ from 4238; TDNT-6:642,927; {See TDNT 657} n f AV-deed 4, work 1, office 1; 6
    1) a doing, a mode of acting, a deal, a transaction
    1a) the doings of the apostles
    1b) in a bad sense, wicked deed, crime, wicked doings (our practices i.e. trickery)
    2) a thing to be done, business
  36. Adventures of Artifice in Languageland http://www.hisholychurch.org/sermon/sacrifice.php