Blaspheme

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The word blaspheme today is said to mean "speak irreverently about God or sacred things."

In older dictionaries like Bouviers Law Dictionary it is defined "To attribute to God that which is contrary to his nature, and does not belong to him, and to deny what does. A false reflection uttered with a malicious design of reviling God."

The phrase "to deny what does" belong to God would also be considered blaspheme. That would be putting a man or an institution of man in place of God. We call such blaspheme idolatry.

In 1916 we see William Mack and William Benjamin Hale [1] writing that the "Etymologlcally, to blaspheme is to speak ill or evil of.[2] [b] Blackstone speaks of it as "blasphemy against the Almighty, by denying his being or providence."[3]

But the word blaspheme in the Bible may have a number of different meanings because it is translated from a number of different words that are quite different.

Most translators of the Bible already have doctrines they have accepted as true before they begin to translate the text. Almost every translation also includes some private interpretation beyond the difficulties present in moving from one language to another.

Old Testament

A common word that is used in the Bible over 300 times but only appears as blaspheme twice is the Hebrew word barak.[4] It is a primitive root verb from the Hebrew letters BeitReishKaf ךרב commonly translated "bless" over three hundred times. It also appears as salute 5 times and , curse 4 times and blaspheme and blessing and praised and kneel down twice each. This is because there are other letters added to the word. In this case we see the letters BeitReishKafTav בֵּרַ֥כְתָּ used in 1 Kings 21:10.

1 Kings 21:10 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme <01288> God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him, that he may die.

There is no additional letter in 1 Kings 21:13 but the word is still translated blaspheme.

1 Kings 21:13 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme <בֵּרַ֥ךְ> God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died.

There are other verses that have the Tav at the end of Barak[5] and at the beginning[6]

In Numbers 23:11

Numbers 23:11 And Balak said unto Balaam, What hast thou done unto me? I took thee to curse<0779 אָֽרָה־ AlefReishChetYod> mine enemies, and, behold, thou hast blessed<בֵּרַ֥כְתָּ BeitReishKafTav> [them] altogether.

In Numbers 22:6 we see the word bless with a Tav at the beginning and another word ‘arar for curse.

Numbers 22:6 "Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they [are] too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, [that] we may smite them, and [that] I may drive them out of the land: for I wot that he whom thou blessest<תְּבָרֵךְ֙ TavBeitReishKaf> [is] blessed<תְּבָרֵךְ֙ TavBeitReishKaf>, and he whom thou curses<0779 normally ReishReishAlef but here it is TavAlefReish תָּאֹ֖ר> is cursed<0779 and here it is YodVavAlefReish יוּאָֽר>."

An added Tav may appear at the beginning of a word or at the end of the word. Other letters lik Vav or Hey can be added to give more details to the meaning or use of a word such as in Psalms 134:2 where a Vav is added to the beginning and end of a word.

Psalms 134:2 Lift up your hands [in] the sanctuary, and bless<וּ֝בָרֲכוּ> the LORD.
Beit Purpose: God Dwelling Place Below - from house or God's house here.
Reish Process of Clarification The "head" or "beginning". Life's revelation.
Kaf Crown: To Actualize Potential power from spiritual to physical realm [to cover, strength]

So the word barak actually means to bless.




Another word which may be closer to actually meaning blaspheme is the Hebrew word gadaph.[7] As a primitive root verb its meaning is taken from from the Hebrew letters GimelDaletPei ףדג translated blaspheme 6 times and reproach once.

It is said to mean to revile men or blaspheme God.

Numbers 15:30 ¶ But the soul that doeth [ought] presumptuously, [whether he be] born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth<01442 מְגַדֵּ֑ף MemGimelDaletPei> the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off[8] from among his people.

2 Kings 19:6 And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words which thou hast heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed <01442 GimelDaletPeiVav> me.
2 Kings 19:22 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed <01442 וְגִדַּ֔פְתָּ VavGimelDaletPeiTav> ? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel.
Psalms 44:16 For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth <01442 וּמְגַדֵּ֑ף VavMemGimelDaletPei>; by reason of the enemy and avenger.
Isaiah 37:6 And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say unto your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed <01442 GimelDaletPeiVav> me.
Isaiah 37:23 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed<01442 וְגִדַּ֔פְתָּ VavGimelDaletPeiTav>? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel.
Ezekiel 20:27 Therefore, son of man, speak unto the house of Israel, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Yet in this your fathers have blasphemed <01442 GimelDaletPeiVav> me, in that they have committed a trespass

Another word translated blaspheme which appears in other forms is naats.[9] It is a primitive root verb from the Hebrew letters NunAlefTzadik ץאנ and normally is translated despise, provoke or abhor.

  • Nun Heir to the Throne, Aramaic fish in the Mem (fish in flowing waters) or in the Hebrew the Nun may mean the kingdom. [fish moving.
  • Alef Father-Son- begin- The Paradox: God and Man - (ox bull)[strength, leader, first]
  • Tzadik is always related to The Faith of the Righteous One, the foundation of the word "to hunt" or Harvest even eat or desire.[
2 Samuel 12:14 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given <05006 נִאַ֙צְתָּ֙ NunAlefTzadikTav > great occasion <05006> to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme <05006>, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.
Psalms 74:10 O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme <05006 יְנָ֘אֵ֤ץ YodNunAlefTzadik> thy name for ever?
Psalms 74:18 Remember this, that the enemy hath reproached, O LORD, and that the foolish people have blasphemed <05006 נִֽאֲצ֥וּ NunAlefTzadikVav > thy name.
Isaiah 52:5 Now therefore, what have I here, saith the LORD, that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them make them to howl, saith the LORD; and my name continually every day is blasphemed <05006 מִנֹּאָֽץ MemNunAlefTzadik>.

nehawtsaw[10] a noun from the Hebrew letters NunAlefTzedakHey הצאנ^ from 05006 blasphemy 3, provocation 2; 5

2 Kings 19:3 And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and blasphemy <05007>: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.
Isaiah 37:3 And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy <05007>: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.
Ezekiel 35:12 And thou shalt know that I am the LORD, and that I have heard all thy blasphemies <05007> which thou hast spoken against the mountains of Israel, saying, They are laid desolate, they are given us to consume.

Another word beginning with Nun but with multiple variations is nawkab’.[11] The Hebrew letters NunKufBeit בקנ form the primitive root verb and is translated curse 6 times, expressed 6, blaspheme 3, bore 2, name 2, pierce 2, and Appoint, holes, pierce through, strike through once each.

It is said to mean "to pierce, perforate, bore and appoint in the sense of to designate"

  • Nun Heir to the Throne, Aramaic fish in the Mem (fish in flowing waters) or in the Hebrew the Nun may mean the kingdom.
  • Kuf or Kof Omnipresence - Redemption of Fallen Sparks The paradoxical union reish and a zayin holiness or separateness omnipresence of God.
  • Beit Purpose: God Dwelling Place Below - from house or God's house here
Leviticus 24:11 And the Israelitish woman’s son blasphemed <05344> the name of the LORD, and cursed. And they brought him unto Moses: (and his mother’s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan:)
Leviticus 24:16 And he that blasphemeth <05344> the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth <05344> the name of the LORD, shall be put to death.


New Testament

In the Greek text which is a much different language you have one word, blasphemeo the verb, blasphemia the noun, and blasphemos the adjective. The word is derived from two Greek words blapto[12] meaning to hurt or harm and pheme[13] from the word to make known or report.

The word blaspheme could be to attack the reputation of or character of God or the Holy Spirit in the sense of slandering God or falsely misleading people about God. But it also could be used in the sense of turning your back on God's will for you. This usually would involve rejecting God and knowingly to do harm to others and their relationship with God.


blasphemeo [14] a verb

Matthew 9:3 And, behold, certain of the scribes said within themselves, This man blasphemeth <987>.
Matthew 9:5 For whether is easier, to say, [Thy] sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and walk?
Matthew 26:65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy <987>; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.<988>
Matthew 26:63 But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. 64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
Mark 3:28 Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme <987>: 29 But he that shall blaspheme <987> against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation:
Luke 12:10 And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but unto him that blasphemeth <987> against the Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven.
Luke 22:65 And many other things blasphemously <987> spake they against him.
Luke 22:64 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?


John 10:36 Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest <987>; because I said, I am the Son of God?
John 10:37 If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.


Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming <987>.
Acts 18:5 And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews [that] Jesus [was] Christ.
Acts 18:6 And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed <987>, he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles.
Acts 19:37 For ye have brought hither these men, which are neither robbers of churches, nor yet blasphemers <987> of your goddess. <concerning the Temple at Ephesus>
Acts 19:38 Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.
Acts 26:11 And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled them to blaspheme <987>; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto strange cities. <Paul Confesses>
Romans 2:17 ¶ Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,18 And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;19 And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness,20 An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?22 Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege?23 Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God?
Romans 2:24 For the name of God is blasphemed <987> among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision.


1 Timothy 1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme <987>.
1 Timothy 6:1 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honour, that the name of God and his doctrine be <987> not blasphemed <987>.
Titus 2:5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be <987> not blasphemed <987>.
James 2:7 Do <987> not they blaspheme <987> that worthy name by the which ye are called?
8 ¶ If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well: 9 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.
Revelation 13:6 And he opened his mouth in blasphemy<988> against God, to blaspheme <987> his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.
Revelation 16:9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed <987> the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.
Revelation 16:11 And blasphemed <987> the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.
Revelation 16:21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed <987> God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.

blasphemia[15] a noun

Matthew 12:31 Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy <988> shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy <988> against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.
Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies <988>:
Matthew 26:65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy <988>.
Mark 2:7 Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies <988>? who can forgive sins but God only?
Mark 3:28 Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and blasphemies <988> wherewith soever they shall blaspheme:
Mark 7:20 And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man. 21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,
  • Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy <988>, pride, foolishness:
23 All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.


Mark 14:64 Ye have heard the blasphemy <988>: what think ye? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.
Luke 5:21 And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this which speaketh blasphemies <988>? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?
John 10:33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy <988>; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
Ephesians 4:31 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking<988>, be put away from you, with all malice:
Colossians 3:8 But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy <988>, filthy communication out of your mouth.
9 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds;10 And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.
Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation <988> , but said, The Lord rebuke thee.
Revelation 2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy <988> of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.
Revelation 13:1 And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy <988>.
Revelation 13:5 And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies <988>; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.
Revelation 13:6 And he opened his mouth in blasphemy <988> against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.
Revelation 17:3 So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy <988>, having seven heads and ten horns.

blasphemos[16]an adjective from a derivative of 984 and 5345

Acts 6:11 Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous <989> words against Moses, and against God.
Acts 6:13 And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous <989> words against this holy place, and the law:
1 Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer <989>, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
2 Timothy 3:2 For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers <989>, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,
3 Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, 4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; 5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.
2 Peter 2:10 ¶ But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.
  • 2 Peter 2:11 Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation <989> against them before the Lord.
12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:


Conclusion

So back to that detailed definition of the word blaspheme. "To attribute to God that which is contrary to his nature, and does not belong to him, and to deny what does. A false reflection uttered with a malicious design of reviling God."

It is evidently blasphemous to "To attribute to God that which is contrary to his nature..."

If Jesus is the God of Christians then "to attribute to Jesus that which is contrary to his nature" is blasphemous of Jesus.

If it is blasphemous to "To... deny" an attribute that does belong to God" then it is the same to deny attributes that belong to Jesus.


"A false reflection uttered with a malicious design of reviling God" is blasphemous too.

Then a "A false reflection uttered with a malicious design of reviling" Jesus would be blasphemous too.

But what about the Holy Spirit?

Luke 12:10 And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but unto him that blasphemeth <987> against the Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven.
  • Matthew 3:11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire:
  • Luke 3:16 John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:


  • Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed[17] it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
  • Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.
  • Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him.
  • Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.
  • Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.
  • Ephesians 3:5 Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is <601> now revealed <601> unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit;
  • 1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed <601>, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
  • 1 Corinthians 2:10 But God hath revealed [them] unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.

1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.


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Footnotes

  1. Corpus Juris: Being a Complete and Systematic Statement of the Whole Body of the Law as Embodied in and Developed by All Reported Decisions, Volume 8, edited by William Mack, William Benjamin Hale.
  2. Anderson U D.; Century D.
  3. 4 Blackstone Comm. 59 [cit Com. v. Kneeland, 20 Pick. (Mass.) 206].
  4. 01288 ^ךרב^ barak \@baw-rak’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-bless 302, salute 5, curse 4, blaspheme 2, blessing 2, praised 2, kneel down 2, congratulate 1, kneel 1, make to kneel 1, misc 8; 330
    1) to bless, kneel
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to kneel
    1a2) to bless
    1b) (Niphal) to be blessed, bless oneself
    1c) (Piel) to bless
    1d) (Pual) to be blessed, be adored
    1e) (Hiphil) to cause to kneel
    1f) (Hithpael) to bless oneself
    2) (TWOT) to praise, salute, curse
  5. : Numbers 23:11
    Numbers 24:10
    1 Chronicles 17:27
    Job 1:10
  6. : Numbers 22:6
    Psalms 5:12
    Psalms 65:10
    Psalms 109:28
  7. 01442 ^ףדג^ gadaph \@gaw-daf’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-blaspheme 6, reproach 1; 7
    1) to revile men, blaspheme God
    1a) (Piel)
    1a1) to revile (between men)
    1a2) to blaspheme (God)
  8. 03772 ^תרכ^ karath \@kaw-rath’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-cut off 145, make 85, cut down 23, cut 9, fail 6, destroy 4, want 3, covenanted 2, hew 2, misc 9; 288
    1) to cut, cut off, cut down, cut off a body part, cut out, eliminate, kill, cut a covenant
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to cut off
    1a1a) to cut off a body part, behead
    1a2) to cut down
    1a3) to hew
    1a4) to cut or make a covenant
    1b) (Niphal)
    1b1) to be cut off
    1b2) to be cut down
    1b3) to be chewed
    1b4) to be cut off, fail
    1c) (Pual)
    1c1) to be cut off
    1c2) to be cut down
    1d) (Hiphil)
    1d1) to cut off
    1d2) to cut off, destroy
    1d3) to cut down, destroy
    1d4) to take away
    1d5) to permit to perish
    1e) (Hophal) cut off
  9. 05006 ^ץאנ^ na’ats \@naw-ats’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-despise 8, provoke 5, abhor 4, blaspheme 4, contemn 2, flourish 1, great occasion to blaspheme 1; 25
    1) to spurn, contemn, despise, abhor
    1a) (Qal) to spurn, contemn
    1b) (Piel)
    1b1) to spurn
    1b2) to cause to contemn
    1c) (Hiphil) to spurn
    1d) (Hithpolel) to be contemned
  10. 05007 ^הצאנ^ nᵉ’atsah \@neh-aw-tsaw’\@ or ^הצאנ^ ne’atsah \@neh-aw-tsaw’\@ from 05006; n f; AV-blasphemy 3, provocation 2; 5
    1) contempt, contumely
    2) contempt, blasphemy
  11. 05344 ^בקנ^ naqab \@naw-kab’\@ a primitive root; v; AV-curse 6, expressed 6, blaspheme 3, bore 2, name 2, pierce 2, Appoint 1, holes 1, pierce through 1, strike through 1; 25
    1) to pierce, perforate, bore, appoint
    1a) (Qal)
    1a1) to pierce, bore
    1a2) to prick off, designate
    1b) (Niphal) to be pricked off, be designated, be specified
    2) (Qal) to curse, blaspheme
  12. 984 ~βλάπτω~ blapto \@blap’-to\@ a primary word; ; v AV-hurt 2; 2 1) to hurt, harm, injure
  13. 5345 ~φήμη~ pheme \@fay’-may\@ from 5346; ; n f AV-fame 2; 2 1) fame, report
  14. 987 ~βλασφημέω~ blasphemeo \@blas-fay-meh’-o\@ from 989; v AV-blaspheme 17, speak evil of 10, rail on 2, blasphemer 1, speak blasphemy 1, blasphemously 1, misc 3; 35
    1) to speak reproachfully, rail at, revile, calumniate, blaspheme
    2) to be evil spoken of, reviled, railed at
  15. 988 ~βλασφημία~ blasphemia \@blas-fay-me’-ah\@ from 989; n f AV-blasphemy 16, railing 2, evil speaking 1; 19
    1) slander, detraction, speech injurious, to another’s good name
    2) impious and reproachful speech injurious to divine majesty
  16. 989 ~βλάσφημος~ blasphemos \@blas’-fay-mos\@ from a derivative of 984 and 5345; adj AV-blasphemous 2, blasphemer 2, railing 1; 5
    1) speaking evil, slanderous, reproachful, railing, abusive
  17. 601 ~ἀποκαλύπτω~ apokalupto \@ap-ok-al-oop’-to\@ from "out of"575 and "veil"2572; v AV-reveal 26; 26
    1) to uncover, lay open what has been veiled or covered up
    1a) disclose, make bare
    2) to make known, make manifest, disclose what before was unknown